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Contextual support for children’s recall within working memory

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Forthcoming
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>10/07/2018
<mark>Journal</mark>The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
<mark>State</mark>Accepted/In press
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Measures of working memory capacity (WMC) are extremely popular, yet we know relatively little about the specific processes that support recall. We focused on children and adults’ ability to use contextual support to access working memory representations that might otherwise not be reported. Children (N=186, five- to 10-years old) and adults’ (N=64) completed a listening span task and a delayed recall task with semantic probes or cues. Clear age-related increases in listening span were evident. All age groups benefited from contextual support to retrieve degraded target memoranda, particularly on listening span tasks when the cues provided semantic support for processing events, in comparison to cues associated specifically with memoranda. Response latencies suggested a developing efficiency in children’s use of contextual support for delayed recall correlated with listening span performance. These probe tasks support accounts of working memory that recognise reconstructive and cued search processes.

Bibliographic note

The final, definitive version of this article will be published in the Journal, Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 2018, © SAGE Publications Ltd, 2018 by SAGE Publications Ltd at the Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology page: http://journals.sagepub.com/loi/qjp on SAGE Journals Online: http://online.sagepub.com/