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Cooling metals to the microkelvin regime, then and now

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

<mark>Journal publication date</mark>05/2000
<mark>Journal</mark>Physica B: Condensed Matter
Issue number1-4
Number of pages7
Pages (from-to)467-473
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Conference22nd International Conference on Low Temperature Physics


Better understanding of the behaviour of materials and the techniques of nuclear cooling, gained in recent years, now allows us to cool metallic samples to the microkelvin regime, with hold times at the higher temperatures of tens of hours. In the early days of nuclear cooling when sources of heat leaks were hardly understood, such performance would have appeared an impossible dream. However, we are now at the point where solid state experiments can be realistically contemplated in the sub-10 mu K regime. (C) 2000 Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.