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Cooling metals to the microkelvin regime, then and now

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date05/2000
JournalPhysica B: Condensed Matter
Journal number1-4
Volume280
Number of pages7
Pages467-473
Original languageEnglish

Conference

Conference22nd International Conference on Low Temperature Physics
CountryFinland
CityHELSINKI
Period4/08/9911/08/99

Abstract

Better understanding of the behaviour of materials and the techniques of nuclear cooling, gained in recent years, now allows us to cool metallic samples to the microkelvin regime, with hold times at the higher temperatures of tens of hours. In the early days of nuclear cooling when sources of heat leaks were hardly understood, such performance would have appeared an impossible dream. However, we are now at the point where solid state experiments can be realistically contemplated in the sub-10 mu K regime. (C) 2000 Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.