Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Correlates of stigma in adults with epilepsy

Associated organisational unit

Electronic data

  • Epilepsy and stigma systematic review -for pure

    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Epilepsy & Behavior. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Epilepsy & Behavior, 83, 2018 DOI: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2018.02.016

    Accepted author manuscript, 931 KB, PDF document

    Available under license: CC BY-NC-ND: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

Links

Text available via DOI:

View graph of relations

Correlates of stigma in adults with epilepsy: A systematic review of quantitative studies

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>06/2018
<mark>Journal</mark>Epilepsy and Behavior
Volume83
Number of pages14
Pages (from-to)67-80
Publication statusPublished
Early online date24/04/18
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Objectives
The aim of this review was to identify quantitative correlates, predictors, and outcomes of stigma in adults with epilepsy living in Western countries.

Methods
To identify relevant literature, four academic databases (PsycINFO, CINAHL, PubMed, and Scopus) were systematically searched using key terms related to stigma and epilepsy.

Results
Thirty-three research papers reporting findings from 25 quantitative studies of correlates of stigma in epilepsy were identified. The findings suggest that stigma can be predicted by demographic, illness-related, and psychosocial factors, although associations were found to be highly culturally specific. Outcomes of stigma in people with epilepsy were replicated more consistently across cultures, and its impact was significant. Detrimental effects included both worse physical health, including less effective management of the condition, and reduced psychological well-being, including difficulties such as depression and anxiety.

Implications
Educational initiatives and therapeutic interventions that aim to address stigma in people with epilepsy are recommended; however, these need to be culturally informed to ensure that they are valid and effective.

Bibliographic note

This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Epilepsy & Behavior. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Epilepsy & Behavior, 83, 2018 DOI: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2018.02.016