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Creep behavior comparison of CMW1 and palacos R-40 clinical bone cements

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

  • C. Liu
  • S. M. Green
  • N. D. Watkins
  • P. J. Gregg
  • A. W. McCaskie
  • A W Mccaskie
Journal publication date11/2002
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine
Journal number11
Volume13
Number of pages8
Pages1021-1028
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

The restrained dynamic creep behaviors of two clinical bone cements, Palacos R-40 and CMW1 have been investigated at room temperature and body temperature. It was found that the two cements demonstrated significantly different creep deformations, with Palacos R-40 bone cement demonstrating higher creep strain than CMW1 bone cement at each loading cycle. For both cements, two stages of creep were identified with a higher creep rate during early cycling followed by a steady-state creep rate. The test temperature had a strong effect on the creep performance of the bone cements with higher creep rate observed at body temperature. The relationship between creep deformation and loading cycles can be expressed by single logarithmic model. The SEM examinations revealed that CMW1 bone cement is more sensitive to defects within the specimen especially to the defects at the edges of the specimen than Palacos R-40 bone cement. However, in the absence of micro-cracks or defects within the inner surface layer, the dynamic loading (at less than 10.6 MPa) is unlikely to produce micro-cracks in the CMW1 bone cement. The different behaviors between the two bone cements may be attributed to differences in chemical compositions and molecular weight distributions.