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Cross-cultural variations in climate for autonomy, stress and organizational productivity relationships: A comparison of Chinese and UK manufacturing organizations

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article


  • Giles Hirst
  • Pawan Budhwar
  • Brian K Cooper
  • Michael West
  • Chen Long
  • Xu Chongyuan
  • Helen Shipton
Journal publication date12/2008
JournalJournal of International Business Studies
Number of pages16
Early online date31/07/08
Original languageEnglish


Cross-cultural researchers have questioned the extent to which European–
American management practices can be transported to major markets in Asia,
such as the People’s Republic of China. Applying employee involvement
theory, we examined the relationships between climate for autonomy, work
demands climate, employee stress and organizational productivity in a crossnational
study of 51 UK and 104 Chinese manufacturing organizations. We
predicted and found that climate for autonomy was positively and negatively
related to stress in the Chinese and UK contexts, respectively. The interaction of
climate for autonomy and work demands climate was significant: climate for
autonomy was positively related to organizational productivity only when work
demands climate was low.