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  • Hale et al. (2015). Delivering a multi-functional and resilient urban forest

    Rights statement: © 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)

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Delivering a multi-functional and resilient urban forest

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

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Delivering a multi-functional and resilient urban forest. / Hale, James; Pugh, Thomas; Sadler, Jon; Boyko, Christopher Thomas; Brown, Julie; Caputo, Silvio; Caserio, Maria; Coles, Richard; Farmani, Raziyeh ; Hales, A. Chantal ; Horsey, Russell; Hunt, Dexter V. L.; Leach, Joanne M. ; Rogers, Christopher D.F. .

In: Sustainability, Vol. 7, No. 4, 17.04.2015, p. 4600-4624.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Hale, J, Pugh, T, Sadler, J, Boyko, CT, Brown, J, Caputo, S, Caserio, M, Coles, R, Farmani, R, Hales, AC, Horsey, R, Hunt, DVL, Leach, JM & Rogers, CDF 2015, 'Delivering a multi-functional and resilient urban forest', Sustainability, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 4600-4624. https://doi.org/10.3390/su7044600

APA

Hale, J., Pugh, T., Sadler, J., Boyko, C. T., Brown, J., Caputo, S., ... Rogers, C. D. F. (2015). Delivering a multi-functional and resilient urban forest. Sustainability, 7(4), 4600-4624. https://doi.org/10.3390/su7044600

Vancouver

Hale J, Pugh T, Sadler J, Boyko CT, Brown J, Caputo S et al. Delivering a multi-functional and resilient urban forest. Sustainability. 2015 Apr 17;7(4):4600-4624. https://doi.org/10.3390/su7044600

Author

Hale, James ; Pugh, Thomas ; Sadler, Jon ; Boyko, Christopher Thomas ; Brown, Julie ; Caputo, Silvio ; Caserio, Maria ; Coles, Richard ; Farmani, Raziyeh ; Hales, A. Chantal ; Horsey, Russell ; Hunt, Dexter V. L. ; Leach, Joanne M. ; Rogers, Christopher D.F. . / Delivering a multi-functional and resilient urban forest. In: Sustainability. 2015 ; Vol. 7, No. 4. pp. 4600-4624.

Bibtex

@article{852d993b608a4b229d332929989986da,
title = "Delivering a multi-functional and resilient urban forest",
abstract = "Tree planting is widely advocated and applied in urban areas, with large-scale projects underway in cities globally. Numerous potential benefits are used to justify these planting campaigns. However, reports of poor tree survival raise questions about the ability of such projects to deliver on their promises over the long-term. Each potential benefit requires different supporting conditions—relating not only to the type and placement of the tree, but also to the broader urban system within which it is embedded. This set of supporting conditions may not always be mutually compatible and may not persist for the lifetime of the tree. Here, we demonstrate a systems-based approach that makes these dependencies, synergies, and tensions more explicit, allowing them to be used to test the decadal-scale resilience of urban street trees. Our analysis highlights social, environmental, and economic assumptions that are implicit within planting projects; notably that high levels of maintenance and public support for urban street trees will persist throughout their natural lifespan, and that the surrounding built form will remain largely unchanged. Whilst the vulnerability of each benefit may be highly context specific, we identify approaches that address some typical weaknesses, making a functional, resilient, urban forest more attainable.",
keywords = "urban, forest, tree, resilient, resilience, ecosystem services, scenarios, systems, futures",
author = "James Hale and Thomas Pugh and Jon Sadler and Boyko, {Christopher Thomas} and Julie Brown and Silvio Caputo and Maria Caserio and Richard Coles and Raziyeh Farmani and Hales, {A. Chantal} and Russell Horsey and Hunt, {Dexter V. L.} and Leach, {Joanne M.} and Rogers, {Christopher D.F.}",
note = "{\circledC} 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)",
year = "2015",
month = "4",
day = "17",
doi = "10.3390/su7044600",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "4600--4624",
journal = "Sustainability",
issn = "2071-1050",
publisher = "MDPI AG",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Delivering a multi-functional and resilient urban forest

AU - Hale, James

AU - Pugh, Thomas

AU - Sadler, Jon

AU - Boyko, Christopher Thomas

AU - Brown, Julie

AU - Caputo, Silvio

AU - Caserio, Maria

AU - Coles, Richard

AU - Farmani, Raziyeh

AU - Hales, A. Chantal

AU - Horsey, Russell

AU - Hunt, Dexter V. L.

AU - Leach, Joanne M.

AU - Rogers, Christopher D.F.

N1 - © 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)

PY - 2015/4/17

Y1 - 2015/4/17

N2 - Tree planting is widely advocated and applied in urban areas, with large-scale projects underway in cities globally. Numerous potential benefits are used to justify these planting campaigns. However, reports of poor tree survival raise questions about the ability of such projects to deliver on their promises over the long-term. Each potential benefit requires different supporting conditions—relating not only to the type and placement of the tree, but also to the broader urban system within which it is embedded. This set of supporting conditions may not always be mutually compatible and may not persist for the lifetime of the tree. Here, we demonstrate a systems-based approach that makes these dependencies, synergies, and tensions more explicit, allowing them to be used to test the decadal-scale resilience of urban street trees. Our analysis highlights social, environmental, and economic assumptions that are implicit within planting projects; notably that high levels of maintenance and public support for urban street trees will persist throughout their natural lifespan, and that the surrounding built form will remain largely unchanged. Whilst the vulnerability of each benefit may be highly context specific, we identify approaches that address some typical weaknesses, making a functional, resilient, urban forest more attainable.

AB - Tree planting is widely advocated and applied in urban areas, with large-scale projects underway in cities globally. Numerous potential benefits are used to justify these planting campaigns. However, reports of poor tree survival raise questions about the ability of such projects to deliver on their promises over the long-term. Each potential benefit requires different supporting conditions—relating not only to the type and placement of the tree, but also to the broader urban system within which it is embedded. This set of supporting conditions may not always be mutually compatible and may not persist for the lifetime of the tree. Here, we demonstrate a systems-based approach that makes these dependencies, synergies, and tensions more explicit, allowing them to be used to test the decadal-scale resilience of urban street trees. Our analysis highlights social, environmental, and economic assumptions that are implicit within planting projects; notably that high levels of maintenance and public support for urban street trees will persist throughout their natural lifespan, and that the surrounding built form will remain largely unchanged. Whilst the vulnerability of each benefit may be highly context specific, we identify approaches that address some typical weaknesses, making a functional, resilient, urban forest more attainable.

KW - urban

KW - forest

KW - tree

KW - resilient

KW - resilience

KW - ecosystem services

KW - scenarios

KW - systems

KW - futures

U2 - 10.3390/su7044600

DO - 10.3390/su7044600

M3 - Journal article

VL - 7

SP - 4600

EP - 4624

JO - Sustainability

JF - Sustainability

SN - 2071-1050

IS - 4

ER -