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Development of Leishmania mexicana in Lutzomyia longipalpis in the absence of sugar feeding

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Article numbere180482
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/06/2019
<mark>Journal</mark>Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Volume114
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished
Early online date20/05/19
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

The leishmaniases are caused by Leishmania parasites and transmitted through the bites of phlebotomine sand flies. During parasite development inside the vector's midgut, promastigotes move towards the stomodeal valve, a mechanism that is crucial for transmission. It has been reported that the sugar meal acquired by sand flies during feeding between bloodmeals is essential for the development and migration of parasites. We demonstrated that the distribution of Leishmania mexicana parasites was affected by the sugar meals obtained by the sand flies. Promastigote migration towards the cardia region seems to be only partially based on the stimuli provided by sugar molecules. In the absence of sugars, significant amounts of parasites developed in the hindgut. In addition, sugar meals were important for the survival of sand flies, especially during blood digestion, presumably supporting their energy requirements.