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DIfferential effects of various types of implementation intentions on the self-regulation of disgust

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date02/2012
JournalSocial Cognition
Journal number1
Volume30
Number of pages17
Pages1-17
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

As little is known about the effectiveness of different types of implementation intentions on the regulation of emotions, the present experiments focused on the differential effectiveness of various implementation intentions on the down-regulation of disgust responses. In Experiment 1, an antecedent-focused implementation intention based on cognitive reappraisal allowed participants to rate disgusting pictures as being less unpleasant than participants in the control condition or the goal intention condition, while the reported intensity (arousal) ratings stayed unaffected. In Experiment 2, participants with a response-focused implementation intention, devised to regulate the intensity of the emotional experience, reported a lower evoked arousal after seeing the disgusting slides, while the valence ratings remained unchanged. Thus, implementation intentions were shown to exert differential effects depending on whether they targeted one or another emotional dimension (i.e., valence vs. arousal).