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Direct numerical simulation of nonpremixed syngas burning with detailed chemistry

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article


  • K.K.J. Ranga Dinesh
  • Xi Jiang
  • J. A. van Oijen
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>05/2013
Number of pages13
Pages (from-to)343-355
<mark>Original language</mark>English


H2/CO syngas non-premixed impinging jet flames were studied using three-dimensional direct numerical simulation (DNS) and flamelet generated manifolds (FGMs) based on detailed chemical kinetics. The computational domain employed has a size of four jet nozzle diameters in the streamwise direction and 12 jet nozzle diameters in the cross-streamwise direction. The results presented in this study were performed using a uniform Cartesian grid with 200 × 600 × 600 points. The Reynolds number used was Re = 2000, based on the reference quantities. The spatial discretisation was carried out using a sixth-order accurate compact finite difference scheme and the discretised equations were time-advanced using a third-order accurate fully explicit compact-storage Runge–Kutta scheme. Results show that the ratio of H2 and CO in the syngas mixture significantly affects the flame characteristics including the near-wall flame structure. The high diffusivity of H2-rich syngas flame leads to form weaker vortices and a thicker flame. In contrast, CO-rich syngas flame leads to form a thinner flame with strong wrinkles. Moreover, the DNS results suggest that the preferential diffusion influences the local flame structure for the simulated low Reynolds number H2 flame.