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Dis-citizenship and migration: a critical discourse-analytical perspective

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article


Journal publication date2013
JournalJournal of Language, Identity and Education
Number of pages6
Early online date12/07/13
Original languageEnglish


Inclusion and exclusion of migrants are renegotiated in the European Union on almost a daily scale: ever new policies defining and restricting immigration (usually from third world countries) are proposed by European member states. Thus, a return to ever more local policies and ideologies can be observed on many levels: traditions, rules, languages, visions, and imaginaries are affected. In this article, I suggest that we are currently experiencing a re/nationalisation in spite of (or perhaps because of) multiple globalising tendencies. Thus, citizenship and language tests are being or have already been introduced to all European nation states, thus emphasizing a revival of “the national language” as constitutive for access to employment, housing, or education and promising achievement of successful “integration.” In this way, migrants are perceived as having a “deficit” even if manifold tests provide evidence that native speakers (of German, for example) might also lack many language skills.