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Discriminating Seebeck Sensing of Molecules

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>7/01/2019
<mark>Journal</mark>Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

One of the fundamental challenges of molecular-scale sensors is the junction to junction variability leading to variations in their electrical conductance by up to a few orders of magnitude. In contrast, thermal voltage measurements of single and many molecule junctions show that this variation in the Seebeck coefficient is smaller. Particularly, the sign of the Seebeck coefficient is often resilient against conformational changes. In this paper, we demonstrate that this robust molecular feature can be utilised in an entirely new direction of discriminating molecular sensing of gas and bio-molecules. We show that the positive sign of the Seebeck coefficient in the presence of cytosine nucleobases changes to a negative one when cancerous cytosine nucleobases absorbed on the molecular wire formed by metalloporphyrins. Furthermore, the sign of Seebeck coefficient changes when Chlorine gas interacts with Mn-porphyrin molecular wire. The change in the sign of Seebeck coefficient is due to the formation of spin driven bound states with energies close to the Fermi energy of electrodes. Seebeck sensing is a generic concept and opens new avenues for molecular sensing with huge potential applications in the years ahead.