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Discrimination of base differences in oligonucleotides using mid-infrared spectroscopy and multivariate analysis.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date1/07/2009
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Journal number13
Volume81
Number of pages6
Pages5314-5319
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Attenuated total reflection Fourier transform-infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy was employed to interrogate a panel of simple oligonucleotides designed to contain various base differences; combined with subsequent multivariate analysis, we set out to determine whether the specificity of this approach would point to a novel means for mutation detection. Oligonucleotides were designed that were 15 bases in length and contained various combinations of purines (adenine, guanine) or pyrimidines (cytosine, thymine). These were applied to 1 cm × 1 cm low-E reflective glass slides, and triplicate samples were interrogated using ATR-FTIR spectroscopy. Per oligonucleotide sample, 10 independent spectral acquisitions were obtained. Prior to multivariate analysis, infrared spectra were baseline-corrected and vector normalized over the 1750−760 cm−1 region specific to the chemical bonds of organic molecules. Spectral categories were then analyzed using principal component analysis (PCA) followed by linear discriminant analysis (LDA). Scores plots revealed that PCA-LDA clearly segregated different oligonucleotide sequences, even in the presence of a single base difference. Loadings plots confirmed the chemical entities associated with distinguishing base differences. These results suggest that mid-IR spectroscopy might have future roles in interrogating polymorphic forms of a DNA template.