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  • Baldwin, Biehal, Cusworth, Wade, and Allgar (2018)

    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was acceptedfor publication in Physics Reports. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work 3since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Child Abuse & Neglect, 88, 2019 DOI: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.11.011

    Accepted author manuscript, 170 KB, Word document

    Embargo ends: 8/12/20

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Disentangling the effect of out-of-home care on child mental health

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

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Disentangling the effect of out-of-home care on child mental health. / Baldwin, Helen; Biehal, Nina; Cusworth, Linda Suzanne; Wade, Jim; Allgar, Victoria.

In: Child Abuse & Neglect, Vol. 88, 01.02.2019, p. 189-200.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Baldwin, H, Biehal, N, Cusworth, LS, Wade, J & Allgar, V 2019, 'Disentangling the effect of out-of-home care on child mental health', Child Abuse & Neglect, vol. 88, pp. 189-200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.11.011

APA

Baldwin, H., Biehal, N., Cusworth, L. S., Wade, J., & Allgar, V. (2019). Disentangling the effect of out-of-home care on child mental health. Child Abuse & Neglect, 88, 189-200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.11.011

Vancouver

Baldwin H, Biehal N, Cusworth LS, Wade J, Allgar V. Disentangling the effect of out-of-home care on child mental health. Child Abuse & Neglect. 2019 Feb 1;88:189-200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.11.011

Author

Baldwin, Helen ; Biehal, Nina ; Cusworth, Linda Suzanne ; Wade, Jim ; Allgar, Victoria. / Disentangling the effect of out-of-home care on child mental health. In: Child Abuse & Neglect. 2019 ; Vol. 88. pp. 189-200.

Bibtex

@article{0f6acf19b6e144ab8bcb3c844f212dc3,
title = "Disentangling the effect of out-of-home care on child mental health",
abstract = "Background: Children in out-of-home care are consistently found to have poor mental health compared to children in the general population. However, UK research has so far failed to disentangle the impact of the care system on children{\textquoteright}s mental health outcomes from the effects of the adverse circumstances that led to their admission to care. Objective: This research investigated the association between care placement and the presence of child mental health problems after controlling for children{\textquoteright}s pre-care experiences. It also identified factors associated with mental health problems among children in care. Participants and Setting: The sample comprised three groups of children involved with child welfare services due to maltreatment, including children in out-of-home care (n=122), reunified children (n=82) and those who had never been in care (n=159). Methods: The mental health of the children in the three groups was compared, using information collected from their parents/foster carers and social workers. Results: The odds of a child in out-of-home care having a mental health problem were not significantly higher than those of a child who had never been in care (AOR=1.24; p=0.462). However, the odds of a child in out-of-home care having reactive attachment disorder (RAD) were significantly higher than those of a child who had never been in care (AOR=1.92; p=0.032). Conclusions: These findings make an important contribution to international debates about whether placing children in care is beneficial or detrimental to their wellbeing, and highlight a range of inter-linking factors associated with the mental health of children in out-of-home care.",
keywords = "Child mental health, Child outcomes, Child abuse and neglect, Out-of-home care",
author = "Helen Baldwin and Nina Biehal and Cusworth, {Linda Suzanne} and Jim Wade and Victoria Allgar",
note = "This is the author{\textquoteright}s version of a work that was acceptedfor publication in Physics Reports. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work 3since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Child Abuse & Neglect, 88, 2019 DOI: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.11.011",
year = "2019",
month = feb
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.11.011",
language = "English",
volume = "88",
pages = "189--200",
journal = "Child Abuse & Neglect",
issn = "0145-2134",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Disentangling the effect of out-of-home care on child mental health

AU - Baldwin, Helen

AU - Biehal, Nina

AU - Cusworth, Linda Suzanne

AU - Wade, Jim

AU - Allgar, Victoria

N1 - This is the author’s version of a work that was acceptedfor publication in Physics Reports. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work 3since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Child Abuse & Neglect, 88, 2019 DOI: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.11.011

PY - 2019/2/1

Y1 - 2019/2/1

N2 - Background: Children in out-of-home care are consistently found to have poor mental health compared to children in the general population. However, UK research has so far failed to disentangle the impact of the care system on children’s mental health outcomes from the effects of the adverse circumstances that led to their admission to care. Objective: This research investigated the association between care placement and the presence of child mental health problems after controlling for children’s pre-care experiences. It also identified factors associated with mental health problems among children in care. Participants and Setting: The sample comprised three groups of children involved with child welfare services due to maltreatment, including children in out-of-home care (n=122), reunified children (n=82) and those who had never been in care (n=159). Methods: The mental health of the children in the three groups was compared, using information collected from their parents/foster carers and social workers. Results: The odds of a child in out-of-home care having a mental health problem were not significantly higher than those of a child who had never been in care (AOR=1.24; p=0.462). However, the odds of a child in out-of-home care having reactive attachment disorder (RAD) were significantly higher than those of a child who had never been in care (AOR=1.92; p=0.032). Conclusions: These findings make an important contribution to international debates about whether placing children in care is beneficial or detrimental to their wellbeing, and highlight a range of inter-linking factors associated with the mental health of children in out-of-home care.

AB - Background: Children in out-of-home care are consistently found to have poor mental health compared to children in the general population. However, UK research has so far failed to disentangle the impact of the care system on children’s mental health outcomes from the effects of the adverse circumstances that led to their admission to care. Objective: This research investigated the association between care placement and the presence of child mental health problems after controlling for children’s pre-care experiences. It also identified factors associated with mental health problems among children in care. Participants and Setting: The sample comprised three groups of children involved with child welfare services due to maltreatment, including children in out-of-home care (n=122), reunified children (n=82) and those who had never been in care (n=159). Methods: The mental health of the children in the three groups was compared, using information collected from their parents/foster carers and social workers. Results: The odds of a child in out-of-home care having a mental health problem were not significantly higher than those of a child who had never been in care (AOR=1.24; p=0.462). However, the odds of a child in out-of-home care having reactive attachment disorder (RAD) were significantly higher than those of a child who had never been in care (AOR=1.92; p=0.032). Conclusions: These findings make an important contribution to international debates about whether placing children in care is beneficial or detrimental to their wellbeing, and highlight a range of inter-linking factors associated with the mental health of children in out-of-home care.

KW - Child mental health

KW - Child outcomes

KW - Child abuse and neglect

KW - Out-of-home care

U2 - 10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.11.011

DO - 10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.11.011

M3 - Journal article

VL - 88

SP - 189

EP - 200

JO - Child Abuse & Neglect

JF - Child Abuse & Neglect

SN - 0145-2134

ER -