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Do negative cognitive style and personality predict depression symptoms and functional outcomes in severe bipolar and unipolar disorders?

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Do negative cognitive style and personality predict depression symptoms and functional outcomes in severe bipolar and unipolar disorders? / Jones, Steven H.; Twiss, James; Anderson, Ian M.

In: International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, Vol. 2, No. 4, 12.2009, p. 343-353.

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Jones, Steven H. ; Twiss, James ; Anderson, Ian M. / Do negative cognitive style and personality predict depression symptoms and functional outcomes in severe bipolar and unipolar disorders?. In: International Journal of Cognitive Therapy. 2009 ; Vol. 2, No. 4. pp. 343-353.

Bibtex

@article{1b18f55c476e4815b17861f80b4cc9a0,
title = "Do negative cognitive style and personality predict depression symptoms and functional outcomes in severe bipolar and unipolar disorders?",
abstract = "Negative cognitive styles (habitual approaches to processing information) and neurotic personality traits reported in affective disorders may have important therapeutic implications in both bipolar and unipolar disorder. In particular, negative cognitive styles appear to predict risk of recurrence of affective disorder and poor therapy outcomes for depressed individuals. Previous research has reported relationships between negative cognitive styles and neuroticism, but none has explored the relative contributions of each prospectively in a mixed bipolar and unipolar sample. Therefore, we evaluated the contributions of negative cognitive style and personality (extraversion and neuroticism) in predicting symptoms and functioning in a sample of 199 participants with affective disorder (76 bipolar, 123 unipolar) and 124 participants at 6-month follow-up (55 bipolar, 69 unipolar). Participants completed self-report measures of negative cognitive style, personality, and quality of life, complemented by observer ratings of affective symptoms and global functioning. Negative cognitive style at baseline was predictive of worse global functioning and quality of life ratings at 6 months, but not of affective symptoms (better predicted by extraversion). Examining the bipolar and unipolar groups separately, negative cognitive style was predictive of 6-month outcomes in quality of life and global functioning in the unipolar group only. Personality did not predict symptomatic or functional outcomes at 6 months in this sample. Implications for therapy are considered.",
author = "Jones, {Steven H.} and James Twiss and Anderson, {Ian M.}",
year = "2009",
month = dec,
doi = "10.1521/ijct.2009.2.4.343",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
pages = "343--353",
journal = "International Journal of Cognitive Therapy",
issn = "1937-1209",
publisher = "Guilford Publications",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Do negative cognitive style and personality predict depression symptoms and functional outcomes in severe bipolar and unipolar disorders?

AU - Jones, Steven H.

AU - Twiss, James

AU - Anderson, Ian M.

PY - 2009/12

Y1 - 2009/12

N2 - Negative cognitive styles (habitual approaches to processing information) and neurotic personality traits reported in affective disorders may have important therapeutic implications in both bipolar and unipolar disorder. In particular, negative cognitive styles appear to predict risk of recurrence of affective disorder and poor therapy outcomes for depressed individuals. Previous research has reported relationships between negative cognitive styles and neuroticism, but none has explored the relative contributions of each prospectively in a mixed bipolar and unipolar sample. Therefore, we evaluated the contributions of negative cognitive style and personality (extraversion and neuroticism) in predicting symptoms and functioning in a sample of 199 participants with affective disorder (76 bipolar, 123 unipolar) and 124 participants at 6-month follow-up (55 bipolar, 69 unipolar). Participants completed self-report measures of negative cognitive style, personality, and quality of life, complemented by observer ratings of affective symptoms and global functioning. Negative cognitive style at baseline was predictive of worse global functioning and quality of life ratings at 6 months, but not of affective symptoms (better predicted by extraversion). Examining the bipolar and unipolar groups separately, negative cognitive style was predictive of 6-month outcomes in quality of life and global functioning in the unipolar group only. Personality did not predict symptomatic or functional outcomes at 6 months in this sample. Implications for therapy are considered.

AB - Negative cognitive styles (habitual approaches to processing information) and neurotic personality traits reported in affective disorders may have important therapeutic implications in both bipolar and unipolar disorder. In particular, negative cognitive styles appear to predict risk of recurrence of affective disorder and poor therapy outcomes for depressed individuals. Previous research has reported relationships between negative cognitive styles and neuroticism, but none has explored the relative contributions of each prospectively in a mixed bipolar and unipolar sample. Therefore, we evaluated the contributions of negative cognitive style and personality (extraversion and neuroticism) in predicting symptoms and functioning in a sample of 199 participants with affective disorder (76 bipolar, 123 unipolar) and 124 participants at 6-month follow-up (55 bipolar, 69 unipolar). Participants completed self-report measures of negative cognitive style, personality, and quality of life, complemented by observer ratings of affective symptoms and global functioning. Negative cognitive style at baseline was predictive of worse global functioning and quality of life ratings at 6 months, but not of affective symptoms (better predicted by extraversion). Examining the bipolar and unipolar groups separately, negative cognitive style was predictive of 6-month outcomes in quality of life and global functioning in the unipolar group only. Personality did not predict symptomatic or functional outcomes at 6 months in this sample. Implications for therapy are considered.

U2 - 10.1521/ijct.2009.2.4.343

DO - 10.1521/ijct.2009.2.4.343

M3 - Journal article

VL - 2

SP - 343

EP - 353

JO - International Journal of Cognitive Therapy

JF - International Journal of Cognitive Therapy

SN - 1937-1209

IS - 4

ER -