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Do organizational climate and competitive strategy moderate the relationship between Human Resource Management and productivity?

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article


Journal publication date2005
JournalJournal of Management
Number of pages21
Original languageEnglish


This study examined whether the effectiveness of human resource management (HRM) practices is contingent on organizational climate and competitive strategy. The concepts of internal and external fit suggest that the positive relationship between HRM and subsequent productivity will be stronger for firms with a positive organizational climate and for firms using differentiation strategies. Resource allocation theories of motivation, on the other hand, predict that the relationship between HRM and productivity will be stronger for firms with a poor climate because employees working in these firms should have the greatest amount of spare capacity. The results supported the resource allocation argument.