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Drought soil legacy overrides maternal effects on plant growth

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Drought soil legacy overrides maternal effects on plant growth. / De Long, J.R.; Semchenko, M.; Pritchard, W.J.; Cordero, I.; Fry, E.L.; Jackson, B.G.; Kurnosova, K.; Ostle, N.J.; Johnson, D.; Baggs, E.M.; Bardgett, R.D.

In: Functional Ecology, Vol. 33, No. 8, 01.08.2019, p. 1400-1410.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

De Long, JR, Semchenko, M, Pritchard, WJ, Cordero, I, Fry, EL, Jackson, BG, Kurnosova, K, Ostle, NJ, Johnson, D, Baggs, EM & Bardgett, RD 2019, 'Drought soil legacy overrides maternal effects on plant growth', Functional Ecology, vol. 33, no. 8, pp. 1400-1410. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.13341

APA

De Long, J. R., Semchenko, M., Pritchard, W. J., Cordero, I., Fry, E. L., Jackson, B. G., ... Bardgett, R. D. (2019). Drought soil legacy overrides maternal effects on plant growth. Functional Ecology, 33(8), 1400-1410. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.13341

Vancouver

De Long JR, Semchenko M, Pritchard WJ, Cordero I, Fry EL, Jackson BG et al. Drought soil legacy overrides maternal effects on plant growth. Functional Ecology. 2019 Aug 1;33(8):1400-1410. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.13341

Author

De Long, J.R. ; Semchenko, M. ; Pritchard, W.J. ; Cordero, I. ; Fry, E.L. ; Jackson, B.G. ; Kurnosova, K. ; Ostle, N.J. ; Johnson, D. ; Baggs, E.M. ; Bardgett, R.D. / Drought soil legacy overrides maternal effects on plant growth. In: Functional Ecology. 2019 ; Vol. 33, No. 8. pp. 1400-1410.

Bibtex

@article{36b786d7c13a444abb222a13b44e8eb2,
title = "Drought soil legacy overrides maternal effects on plant growth",
abstract = "Maternal effects (i.e. trans‐generational plasticity) and soil legacies generated by drought and plant diversity can affect plant performance and alter nutrient cycling and plant community dynamics. However, the relative importance and combined effects of these factors on plant growth dynamics remain poorly understood.We used soil and seeds from an existing plant diversity and drought manipulation field experiment in temperate grassland to test maternal, soil drought and diversity legacy effects, and their interactions, on offspring plant performance of two grassland species (Alopecurus pratensis and Holcus lanatus) under contrasting glasshouse conditions.Our results showed that drought soil legacy effects eclipsed maternal effects on plant biomass. Drought soil legacy effects were attributed to changes in both abiotic (i.e. nutrient availability) and biotic soil properties (i.e. microbial carbon and enzyme activity), as well as plant root and shoot atom 15N excess. Further, plant tissue nutrient concentrations and soil microbial C:N responses to drought legacies varied between the two plant species and soils from high and low plant diversity treatments. However, these diversity effects did not affect plant root or shoot biomass.These findings demonstrate that while maternal effects resulting from drought occur in grasslands, their impacts on plant performance are likely minor relative to drought legacy effects on soil abiotic and biotic properties. This suggests that soil drought legacy effects could become increasingly important drivers of plant community dynamics and ecosystem functioning as extreme weather events become more frequent and intense with climate change.",
keywords = "15N, above‐ground–below‐ground interactions, climate change, climate extremes, drought shelters, extracellular soil enzymes, mycorrhizae, plant diversity",
author = "{De Long}, J.R. and M. Semchenko and W.J. Pritchard and I. Cordero and E.L. Fry and B.G. Jackson and K. Kurnosova and N.J. Ostle and D. Johnson and E.M. Baggs and R.D. Bardgett",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/1365-2435.13341",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
pages = "1400--1410",
journal = "Functional Ecology",
issn = "0269-8463",
publisher = "Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Drought soil legacy overrides maternal effects on plant growth

AU - De Long, J.R.

AU - Semchenko, M.

AU - Pritchard, W.J.

AU - Cordero, I.

AU - Fry, E.L.

AU - Jackson, B.G.

AU - Kurnosova, K.

AU - Ostle, N.J.

AU - Johnson, D.

AU - Baggs, E.M.

AU - Bardgett, R.D.

PY - 2019/8/1

Y1 - 2019/8/1

N2 - Maternal effects (i.e. trans‐generational plasticity) and soil legacies generated by drought and plant diversity can affect plant performance and alter nutrient cycling and plant community dynamics. However, the relative importance and combined effects of these factors on plant growth dynamics remain poorly understood.We used soil and seeds from an existing plant diversity and drought manipulation field experiment in temperate grassland to test maternal, soil drought and diversity legacy effects, and their interactions, on offspring plant performance of two grassland species (Alopecurus pratensis and Holcus lanatus) under contrasting glasshouse conditions.Our results showed that drought soil legacy effects eclipsed maternal effects on plant biomass. Drought soil legacy effects were attributed to changes in both abiotic (i.e. nutrient availability) and biotic soil properties (i.e. microbial carbon and enzyme activity), as well as plant root and shoot atom 15N excess. Further, plant tissue nutrient concentrations and soil microbial C:N responses to drought legacies varied between the two plant species and soils from high and low plant diversity treatments. However, these diversity effects did not affect plant root or shoot biomass.These findings demonstrate that while maternal effects resulting from drought occur in grasslands, their impacts on plant performance are likely minor relative to drought legacy effects on soil abiotic and biotic properties. This suggests that soil drought legacy effects could become increasingly important drivers of plant community dynamics and ecosystem functioning as extreme weather events become more frequent and intense with climate change.

AB - Maternal effects (i.e. trans‐generational plasticity) and soil legacies generated by drought and plant diversity can affect plant performance and alter nutrient cycling and plant community dynamics. However, the relative importance and combined effects of these factors on plant growth dynamics remain poorly understood.We used soil and seeds from an existing plant diversity and drought manipulation field experiment in temperate grassland to test maternal, soil drought and diversity legacy effects, and their interactions, on offspring plant performance of two grassland species (Alopecurus pratensis and Holcus lanatus) under contrasting glasshouse conditions.Our results showed that drought soil legacy effects eclipsed maternal effects on plant biomass. Drought soil legacy effects were attributed to changes in both abiotic (i.e. nutrient availability) and biotic soil properties (i.e. microbial carbon and enzyme activity), as well as plant root and shoot atom 15N excess. Further, plant tissue nutrient concentrations and soil microbial C:N responses to drought legacies varied between the two plant species and soils from high and low plant diversity treatments. However, these diversity effects did not affect plant root or shoot biomass.These findings demonstrate that while maternal effects resulting from drought occur in grasslands, their impacts on plant performance are likely minor relative to drought legacy effects on soil abiotic and biotic properties. This suggests that soil drought legacy effects could become increasingly important drivers of plant community dynamics and ecosystem functioning as extreme weather events become more frequent and intense with climate change.

KW - 15N

KW - above‐ground–below‐ground interactions

KW - climate change

KW - climate extremes

KW - drought shelters

KW - extracellular soil enzymes

KW - mycorrhizae

KW - plant diversity

U2 - 10.1111/1365-2435.13341

DO - 10.1111/1365-2435.13341

M3 - Journal article

VL - 33

SP - 1400

EP - 1410

JO - Functional Ecology

JF - Functional Ecology

SN - 0269-8463

IS - 8

ER -