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Edge effects on components of diversity and above-ground biomass in a tropical rainforest

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Edge effects on components of diversity and above-ground biomass in a tropical rainforest. / Razafindratsima, Onja H.; Brown, Kerry A.; Carvalho, Fabio; Johnson, Steig E.; Wright, Patricia C.; Dunham, Amy E.; Butt, Nathalie.

In: Journal of Applied Ecology, Vol. 55, No. 2, 01.03.2018, p. 977-985.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Razafindratsima, OH, Brown, KA, Carvalho, F, Johnson, SE, Wright, PC, Dunham, AE & Butt, N 2018, 'Edge effects on components of diversity and above-ground biomass in a tropical rainforest', Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 977-985. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.12985

APA

Razafindratsima, O. H., Brown, K. A., Carvalho, F., Johnson, S. E., Wright, P. C., Dunham, A. E., & Butt, N. (2018). Edge effects on components of diversity and above-ground biomass in a tropical rainforest. Journal of Applied Ecology, 55(2), 977-985. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.12985

Vancouver

Razafindratsima OH, Brown KA, Carvalho F, Johnson SE, Wright PC, Dunham AE et al. Edge effects on components of diversity and above-ground biomass in a tropical rainforest. Journal of Applied Ecology. 2018 Mar 1;55(2):977-985. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.12985

Author

Razafindratsima, Onja H. ; Brown, Kerry A. ; Carvalho, Fabio ; Johnson, Steig E. ; Wright, Patricia C. ; Dunham, Amy E. ; Butt, Nathalie. / Edge effects on components of diversity and above-ground biomass in a tropical rainforest. In: Journal of Applied Ecology. 2018 ; Vol. 55, No. 2. pp. 977-985.

Bibtex

@article{e637de882dab4083bbd0fe6f4ad74c56,
title = "Edge effects on components of diversity and above-ground biomass in a tropical rainforest",
abstract = "Edge effects are among the most significant consequences of forest fragmentation. Therefore, understanding the impacts of edge creation on biodiversity is crucial for forest management and biological conservation.In this study, we used trait‐based and phylogenetic approaches to examine the effects of fragmentation on components of diversity and above‐ground biomass of rainforest tree communities in Madagascar in forest edge vs. interior habitats.Tree communities in forest edges showed lower phylogenetic diversity relative to those in interior habitats, suggesting that some clades may be more vulnerable to environmental filtering than others. Functional diversity was also significantly lower on the edge for productivity traits, but not for dispersal traits. Tree communities in the forest edge showed higher divergence of dispersal traits and lower divergence in productivity traits than expected, while functional diversity in interior forest did not differ from random expectations. This suggests that separate mechanisms affect productivity traits vs. dispersal traits in edge habitats.There was no significant difference in above‐ground biomass between edge and interior habitats, suggesting that edge effects have not yet negatively influenced the forest's potential for carbon storage. However, these changes may not have occurred yet, given the slow turnover of tree communities.Synthesis and applications. Our results highlight the role of edge effects in the erosion of functional and phylogenetic diversity of highly diverse tree communities. While above‐ground biomass did not appear to be affected by forest edge in our study, we suggest long‐term monitoring of forests for potential changes in ecosystem functioning. These findings also indicate the need to reduce edge creation and buffer existing edges for holistic biodiversity conservation.",
keywords = "biomass, carbon storage, environmental filtering, forest fragmentation, functional diversity, phylogenetic diversity, seed dispersal, species coexistence, tropical forest",
author = "Razafindratsima, {Onja H.} and Brown, {Kerry A.} and Fabio Carvalho and Johnson, {Steig E.} and Wright, {Patricia C.} and Dunham, {Amy E.} and Nathalie Butt",
year = "2018",
month = mar,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/1365-2664.12985",
language = "English",
volume = "55",
pages = "977--985",
journal = "Journal of Applied Ecology",
issn = "0021-8901",
publisher = "Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Edge effects on components of diversity and above-ground biomass in a tropical rainforest

AU - Razafindratsima, Onja H.

AU - Brown, Kerry A.

AU - Carvalho, Fabio

AU - Johnson, Steig E.

AU - Wright, Patricia C.

AU - Dunham, Amy E.

AU - Butt, Nathalie

PY - 2018/3/1

Y1 - 2018/3/1

N2 - Edge effects are among the most significant consequences of forest fragmentation. Therefore, understanding the impacts of edge creation on biodiversity is crucial for forest management and biological conservation.In this study, we used trait‐based and phylogenetic approaches to examine the effects of fragmentation on components of diversity and above‐ground biomass of rainforest tree communities in Madagascar in forest edge vs. interior habitats.Tree communities in forest edges showed lower phylogenetic diversity relative to those in interior habitats, suggesting that some clades may be more vulnerable to environmental filtering than others. Functional diversity was also significantly lower on the edge for productivity traits, but not for dispersal traits. Tree communities in the forest edge showed higher divergence of dispersal traits and lower divergence in productivity traits than expected, while functional diversity in interior forest did not differ from random expectations. This suggests that separate mechanisms affect productivity traits vs. dispersal traits in edge habitats.There was no significant difference in above‐ground biomass between edge and interior habitats, suggesting that edge effects have not yet negatively influenced the forest's potential for carbon storage. However, these changes may not have occurred yet, given the slow turnover of tree communities.Synthesis and applications. Our results highlight the role of edge effects in the erosion of functional and phylogenetic diversity of highly diverse tree communities. While above‐ground biomass did not appear to be affected by forest edge in our study, we suggest long‐term monitoring of forests for potential changes in ecosystem functioning. These findings also indicate the need to reduce edge creation and buffer existing edges for holistic biodiversity conservation.

AB - Edge effects are among the most significant consequences of forest fragmentation. Therefore, understanding the impacts of edge creation on biodiversity is crucial for forest management and biological conservation.In this study, we used trait‐based and phylogenetic approaches to examine the effects of fragmentation on components of diversity and above‐ground biomass of rainforest tree communities in Madagascar in forest edge vs. interior habitats.Tree communities in forest edges showed lower phylogenetic diversity relative to those in interior habitats, suggesting that some clades may be more vulnerable to environmental filtering than others. Functional diversity was also significantly lower on the edge for productivity traits, but not for dispersal traits. Tree communities in the forest edge showed higher divergence of dispersal traits and lower divergence in productivity traits than expected, while functional diversity in interior forest did not differ from random expectations. This suggests that separate mechanisms affect productivity traits vs. dispersal traits in edge habitats.There was no significant difference in above‐ground biomass between edge and interior habitats, suggesting that edge effects have not yet negatively influenced the forest's potential for carbon storage. However, these changes may not have occurred yet, given the slow turnover of tree communities.Synthesis and applications. Our results highlight the role of edge effects in the erosion of functional and phylogenetic diversity of highly diverse tree communities. While above‐ground biomass did not appear to be affected by forest edge in our study, we suggest long‐term monitoring of forests for potential changes in ecosystem functioning. These findings also indicate the need to reduce edge creation and buffer existing edges for holistic biodiversity conservation.

KW - biomass

KW - carbon storage

KW - environmental filtering

KW - forest fragmentation

KW - functional diversity

KW - phylogenetic diversity

KW - seed dispersal

KW - species coexistence

KW - tropical forest

U2 - 10.1111/1365-2664.12985

DO - 10.1111/1365-2664.12985

M3 - Journal article

VL - 55

SP - 977

EP - 985

JO - Journal of Applied Ecology

JF - Journal of Applied Ecology

SN - 0021-8901

IS - 2

ER -