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Effects of plant species identity, diversity and soil fertility on biodegradation of phenanthrene in soil

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Effects of plant species identity, diversity and soil fertility on biodegradation of phenanthrene in soil. / Oyelami, Ayodeji O.; Okere, Uchechukwu V.; Orwin, Kate H.; De Deyn, Gerlinde B.; Jones, Kevin C.; Semple, Kirk T.

In: Environmental Pollution, Vol. 173, 02.2013, p. 231-237.

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Oyelami, Ayodeji O. ; Okere, Uchechukwu V. ; Orwin, Kate H. ; De Deyn, Gerlinde B. ; Jones, Kevin C. ; Semple, Kirk T. / Effects of plant species identity, diversity and soil fertility on biodegradation of phenanthrene in soil. In: Environmental Pollution. 2013 ; Vol. 173. pp. 231-237.

Bibtex

@article{51c5a10479d347b69ef74c412039f8bd,
title = "Effects of plant species identity, diversity and soil fertility on biodegradation of phenanthrene in soil",
abstract = "The work presented in this paper investigated the effects of plant species composition, species diversity and soil fertility on biodegradation of C-14-phenanthrene in soil. The two soils used were of contrasting fertility, taken from long term unfertilised and fertilised grassland, showing differences in total nitrogen content (%N). Plant communities consisted of six different plant species: two grasses, two forbs, and two legume species, and ranged in species richness from 1 to 6. The degradation of C-14-phenanthrene was evaluated by measuring indigenous catabolic activity following the addition of the contaminant to soil using respirometry. Soil fertility was a driving factor in all aspects of C-14-phenanthrene degradation; lag phase, maximum rates and total extents of C-14-phenanthrene mineralisation were higher in improved soils compared to unimproved soils. Plant identity had a significant effect on the lag phase and extents of mineralisation. Soil fertility was the major influence also on abundance of microbial communities. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "Biodegradation, Environmental, Nitrogen, Phenanthrenes, Plants, Soil, Soil Microbiology, Soil Pollutants",
author = "Oyelami, {Ayodeji O.} and Okere, {Uchechukwu V.} and Orwin, {Kate H.} and {De Deyn}, {Gerlinde B.} and Jones, {Kevin C.} and Semple, {Kirk T.}",
year = "2013",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1016/j.envpol.2012.09.020",
language = "English",
volume = "173",
pages = "231--237",
journal = "Environmental Pollution",
issn = "0269-7491",
publisher = "Elsevier Ltd",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of plant species identity, diversity and soil fertility on biodegradation of phenanthrene in soil

AU - Oyelami, Ayodeji O.

AU - Okere, Uchechukwu V.

AU - Orwin, Kate H.

AU - De Deyn, Gerlinde B.

AU - Jones, Kevin C.

AU - Semple, Kirk T.

PY - 2013/2

Y1 - 2013/2

N2 - The work presented in this paper investigated the effects of plant species composition, species diversity and soil fertility on biodegradation of C-14-phenanthrene in soil. The two soils used were of contrasting fertility, taken from long term unfertilised and fertilised grassland, showing differences in total nitrogen content (%N). Plant communities consisted of six different plant species: two grasses, two forbs, and two legume species, and ranged in species richness from 1 to 6. The degradation of C-14-phenanthrene was evaluated by measuring indigenous catabolic activity following the addition of the contaminant to soil using respirometry. Soil fertility was a driving factor in all aspects of C-14-phenanthrene degradation; lag phase, maximum rates and total extents of C-14-phenanthrene mineralisation were higher in improved soils compared to unimproved soils. Plant identity had a significant effect on the lag phase and extents of mineralisation. Soil fertility was the major influence also on abundance of microbial communities. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

AB - The work presented in this paper investigated the effects of plant species composition, species diversity and soil fertility on biodegradation of C-14-phenanthrene in soil. The two soils used were of contrasting fertility, taken from long term unfertilised and fertilised grassland, showing differences in total nitrogen content (%N). Plant communities consisted of six different plant species: two grasses, two forbs, and two legume species, and ranged in species richness from 1 to 6. The degradation of C-14-phenanthrene was evaluated by measuring indigenous catabolic activity following the addition of the contaminant to soil using respirometry. Soil fertility was a driving factor in all aspects of C-14-phenanthrene degradation; lag phase, maximum rates and total extents of C-14-phenanthrene mineralisation were higher in improved soils compared to unimproved soils. Plant identity had a significant effect on the lag phase and extents of mineralisation. Soil fertility was the major influence also on abundance of microbial communities. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KW - Biodegradation, Environmental

KW - Nitrogen

KW - Phenanthrenes

KW - Plants

KW - Soil

KW - Soil Microbiology

KW - Soil Pollutants

U2 - 10.1016/j.envpol.2012.09.020

DO - 10.1016/j.envpol.2012.09.020

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 23202655

VL - 173

SP - 231

EP - 237

JO - Environmental Pollution

JF - Environmental Pollution

SN - 0269-7491

ER -