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  • Michel2013_MLJ_preprint

    Rights statement: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Michel, M. C. (2013), The Use of Conjunctions in Cognitively Simple Versus Complex Oral L2 Tasks. The Modern Language Journal, 97: 178–195. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-4781.2013.01431.x which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1540-4781.2013.01431.x/abstract This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

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Effects of task complexity on the use of conjunctions in oral L2 task performance

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>2013
<mark>Journal</mark>Modern Language Journal
Issue number1
Volume97
Number of pages18
Pages (from-to)178–195
<mark>State</mark>Published
Early online date21/02/13
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

The present study explores the use of conjunctions in simple versus complex argumentative tasks performed by second language (L2) learners as a specific measure for the amount of reasoning involved in task performance. The Cognition Hypothesis (Robinson, 2005) states that an increase in cognitive task complexity promotes improvements in L2 performance. This effect should become particularly visible when task‐specific performance measures are used (Robinson & Gilabert, 2007). This article evaluates these claims by investigating the oral performance of 64 L2 learners on cognitively simple, as compared with cognitively complex, oral argumentative reasoning tasks. The analysis focuses first on the overall frequency and occurrence of conjunctions. Next, 5 conjunctions that are considered to be highly task‐relevant are examined more closely. Results are discussed in light of the speech production of 44 native speakers who performed the same tasks under the same conditions. The discussion addresses implications of the findings for the cognitive approach to task‐based L2 research in light of Robinson’s (2005) Cognition Hypothesis. From the standpoint of research methodology it highlights the benefits of native speaker data as a baseline for comparison.

Bibliographic note

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Michel, M. C. (2013), The Use of Conjunctions in Cognitively Simple Versus Complex Oral L2 Tasks. The Modern Language Journal, 97: 178–195. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-4781.2013.01431.x which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1540-4781.2013.01431.x/abstract This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.