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  • JEST_D_14_00600

    Rights statement: The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13762-015-0811-4

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Electrosorption for organic pollutants removal and desalination by graphite and activated carbon fiber composite electrodes

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/12/2015
<mark>Journal</mark>International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Issue number12
Volume12
Number of pages10
Pages (from-to)3735-3744
Publication statusPublished
Early online date1/05/15
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

This paper investigates a new type of carbon-based electrodes, which were equipped with graphite and activated carbon fiber composite, to improve the performance of electrosorption. The results indicated that the highest desalination efficiency achieved 55 % and the optimal condition was 1.6 V voltage, 60 min retention time and 1.0 cm electrode distance. Freundlich isotherms successfully fitted with the respective behavior of the composite electrode and provided theoretical evidence for the desalination performance improvement. Applied in real black liquor of refined cotton, the graphite and activated carbon fiber composite electrodes achieved high removal efficiency for conductivity (59 %) and CODCr (76 %). Similar removal performance was also observed in sodium copper chlorophyll wastewater, and removal efficiency was 37 % for conductivity and 14 % for CODCr. For the first time, this research demonstrated the biodegradability improvement in real industrial wastewater via electrosorption treatment, suggesting a potential pretreatment technique for high-salinity wastewater.

Bibliographic note

The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13762-015-0811-4