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Enteroendocrine cells: neglected players in gastrointestinal disorders?

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published
  • Gordon W. Moran
  • Fiona C. Leslie
  • Scott E. Levison
  • J Worthington
  • John T. McLaughlin
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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>07/2008
<mark>Journal</mark>Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
Issue number1
Volume1
Number of pages10
Pages (from-to)51-60
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Enteroendocrine cells (EEC) form the basis of the largest endocrine system in the body. They secrete multiple regulatory molecules which control physiological and homeostatic functions, particularly postprandial secretion and motility. Their key purpose is to act as sensors of luminal contents, either in a classical endocrine fashion, or by a paracrine effect on proximate cells, notably vagal afferent fibres. They also play a pivotal role in the control of food intake, and emerging data add roles in mucosal immunity and repair. We propose that EEC are fundamental in several gastrointestinal pathologies, notably Post-infectious Irritable Bowel Syndrome, infectious enteritis, and possibly inflammatory bowel disease. Further work is needed to fully illustrate the importance, detailed biology and therapeutic potential of these frequently overlooked cells.