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Environmental opportunities and supports for exercising self-determination in community-based residential settings.

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>11/2001
<mark>Journal</mark>Research in Developmental Disabilities
Issue number6
Volume22
Number of pages16
Pages (from-to)487-502
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Information was collected on the environmental opportunities for exercising self-determination among 281 adults with mental retardation receiving community-based residential supports. The results indicated that: (1) the majority of participants had little or no opportunity to exercise self-determination over major life decisions (e.g., with whom and where to live, the recruitment and retention of care staff); (2) even in more mundane areas, such as where and when to eat, the majority of participants were not supported to exercise effective control; (3) variation in environmental opportunities to exercise self-determination was strongly related to a range of factors including participant ability, previous residential history, and structural and procedural aspects of the residential supports currently provided.