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Ethical implications of home telecare for older people: a framework derived from a multi-sited participative study

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Ethical implications of home telecare for older people : a framework derived from a multi-sited participative study. / The EFORTT investigators.

In: Health Expectations, Vol. 18, No. 3, 06.2015, p. 438-449.

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The EFORTT investigators. / Ethical implications of home telecare for older people : a framework derived from a multi-sited participative study. In: Health Expectations. 2015 ; Vol. 18, No. 3. pp. 438-449.

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@article{08b2a7f7c672433791060e551f82eabe,
title = "Ethical implications of home telecare for older people: a framework derived from a multi-sited participative study",
abstract = "Context Telecare and telehealth developments have recently attracted much attention in research and service development contexts, where their evaluation has predominantly concerned effectiveness and efficiency. Their social and ethical implications, in contrast, have received little scrutiny.Objective To develop an ethical framework for telecare systems based on analysis of observations of telecare-in-use and citizens{\textquoteright} panel deliberations.Design Ethnographic study (observation, work shadowing), interviews, older citizens{\textquoteright} panels and a participative conference.Setting Participants{\textquoteright} homes, workplaces and familiar community venues in England, Spain, the Netherlands and Norway 2008–2011.Results Older respondents expressed concerns that telecare might be used to replace face-to-face/hands-on care to cut costs. Citizens{\textquoteright} panels strongly advocated ethical and social questions being considered in tandem with technical and policy developments. Older people are too often excluded from telecare system design, and installation is often wrongly seen as a one-off event. Some systems enhance self-care by increasing self-awareness, while others shift agency away from the older person, introducing new forms of dependency.Conclusions Telecare has care limitations; it is not a solution, but a shift in networks of relations and responsibilities. Telecare cannot be meaningfully evaluated as an entity, but rather in the situatedrelations people and technologies create together. Characteristics of ethical telecare include on-going user/carer engagement in decision making about systems: in-home system evolution with feedback opportunities built into implementation. System design should be horizontal, {\textquoteleft}two-way{\textquoteright}/interactive rather than vertical or {\textquoteleft}one way{\textquoteright}. An ethical framework for telecare has been developed from these conclusions (Table 1).",
keywords = "ageing, citizens' panels, ethical framework, technology, telecare",
author = "Maggie Mort and Celia Roberts and Jeannette Pols and Miguel Domenech and Ingunn Moser and {The EFORTT investigators}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. ",
year = "2015",
month = jun
doi = "10.1111/hex.12109",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "438--449",
journal = "Health Expectations",
issn = "1369-6513",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ethical implications of home telecare for older people

T2 - a framework derived from a multi-sited participative study

AU - Mort, Maggie

AU - Roberts, Celia

AU - Pols, Jeannette

AU - Domenech, Miguel

AU - Moser, Ingunn

AU - The EFORTT investigators

N1 - © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

PY - 2015/6

Y1 - 2015/6

N2 - Context Telecare and telehealth developments have recently attracted much attention in research and service development contexts, where their evaluation has predominantly concerned effectiveness and efficiency. Their social and ethical implications, in contrast, have received little scrutiny.Objective To develop an ethical framework for telecare systems based on analysis of observations of telecare-in-use and citizens’ panel deliberations.Design Ethnographic study (observation, work shadowing), interviews, older citizens’ panels and a participative conference.Setting Participants’ homes, workplaces and familiar community venues in England, Spain, the Netherlands and Norway 2008–2011.Results Older respondents expressed concerns that telecare might be used to replace face-to-face/hands-on care to cut costs. Citizens’ panels strongly advocated ethical and social questions being considered in tandem with technical and policy developments. Older people are too often excluded from telecare system design, and installation is often wrongly seen as a one-off event. Some systems enhance self-care by increasing self-awareness, while others shift agency away from the older person, introducing new forms of dependency.Conclusions Telecare has care limitations; it is not a solution, but a shift in networks of relations and responsibilities. Telecare cannot be meaningfully evaluated as an entity, but rather in the situatedrelations people and technologies create together. Characteristics of ethical telecare include on-going user/carer engagement in decision making about systems: in-home system evolution with feedback opportunities built into implementation. System design should be horizontal, ‘two-way’/interactive rather than vertical or ‘one way’. An ethical framework for telecare has been developed from these conclusions (Table 1).

AB - Context Telecare and telehealth developments have recently attracted much attention in research and service development contexts, where their evaluation has predominantly concerned effectiveness and efficiency. Their social and ethical implications, in contrast, have received little scrutiny.Objective To develop an ethical framework for telecare systems based on analysis of observations of telecare-in-use and citizens’ panel deliberations.Design Ethnographic study (observation, work shadowing), interviews, older citizens’ panels and a participative conference.Setting Participants’ homes, workplaces and familiar community venues in England, Spain, the Netherlands and Norway 2008–2011.Results Older respondents expressed concerns that telecare might be used to replace face-to-face/hands-on care to cut costs. Citizens’ panels strongly advocated ethical and social questions being considered in tandem with technical and policy developments. Older people are too often excluded from telecare system design, and installation is often wrongly seen as a one-off event. Some systems enhance self-care by increasing self-awareness, while others shift agency away from the older person, introducing new forms of dependency.Conclusions Telecare has care limitations; it is not a solution, but a shift in networks of relations and responsibilities. Telecare cannot be meaningfully evaluated as an entity, but rather in the situatedrelations people and technologies create together. Characteristics of ethical telecare include on-going user/carer engagement in decision making about systems: in-home system evolution with feedback opportunities built into implementation. System design should be horizontal, ‘two-way’/interactive rather than vertical or ‘one way’. An ethical framework for telecare has been developed from these conclusions (Table 1).

KW - ageing

KW - citizens' panels

KW - ethical framework

KW - technology

KW - telecare

U2 - 10.1111/hex.12109

DO - 10.1111/hex.12109

M3 - Journal article

VL - 18

SP - 438

EP - 449

JO - Health Expectations

JF - Health Expectations

SN - 1369-6513

IS - 3

ER -