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European identities and the revival of nationalism in the European Union: a discourse-historical approach

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European identities and the revival of nationalism in the European Union : a discourse-historical approach . / Wodak, Ruth; Boukala, Salomi.

In: Journal of Language and Politics, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2015, p. 87-109.

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Wodak, Ruth ; Boukala, Salomi. / European identities and the revival of nationalism in the European Union : a discourse-historical approach . In: Journal of Language and Politics. 2015 ; Vol. 14, No. 1. pp. 87-109.

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@article{8c40d79dce5b4ec7af493c6425d4870e,
title = "European identities and the revival of nationalism in the European Union: a discourse-historical approach ",
abstract = "To date, the concept of {\textquoteleft}European identity{\textquoteright} remains quite vague and obscure. Who is European and who is not? What values do Europeans share, and who is included in or excluded from the European community? This paper deals with the renegotiation of European identity/ies and the simultaneous increase of discourses about national security and nationalism in Europe, especially during the financial crisis since 2008. We first discuss a range of theoretical approaches to European identity from an interdisciplinary perspective. In a second step, after summarising the Discourse-Historical Approach (DHA) to Critical Discourse Studies (CDS) and especially the concept of topos, we illustrate the link between discursive constructions of European identities and cultural {\textquoteleft}Others{\textquoteright} via some recent examples of European and national debates on migration and economic issues. More specifically, we first analyse a speech by Geert Wilders on immigration and multiculturalism after the clashes in Tunisia in 2011 and the subsequent arrival of many refugees in Italy; secondly, we focus on a speech about British relations to the European Union in the 21st century by the British Prime Minister, David Cameron. It becomes apparent that debates about European identities – especially since the financial crisis of 2008 – have increasingly been accompanied by debates about both more traditional racialised cultural concerns and more recently, about economic security, leading to new distinctions between {\textquoteleft}Us{\textquoteright}, the {\textquoteleft}real Europeans{\textquoteright}, and {\textquoteleft}Them{\textquoteright}, the {\textquoteleft}Others{\textquoteright}. In this way, the socio-political unification of Europe is challenged – once again. ",
keywords = "European identity/ies, national identity, migration, topos, discourse historical approach, nationalism, political speeches, EU, Wilders, Cameron, security ",
author = "Ruth Wodak and Salomi Boukala",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1075/jlp.14.1.05wod",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "87--109",
journal = "Journal of Language and Politics",
issn = "1569-2159",
publisher = "John Benjamins Publishing Company",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - European identities and the revival of nationalism in the European Union

T2 - a discourse-historical approach

AU - Wodak, Ruth

AU - Boukala, Salomi

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - To date, the concept of ‘European identity’ remains quite vague and obscure. Who is European and who is not? What values do Europeans share, and who is included in or excluded from the European community? This paper deals with the renegotiation of European identity/ies and the simultaneous increase of discourses about national security and nationalism in Europe, especially during the financial crisis since 2008. We first discuss a range of theoretical approaches to European identity from an interdisciplinary perspective. In a second step, after summarising the Discourse-Historical Approach (DHA) to Critical Discourse Studies (CDS) and especially the concept of topos, we illustrate the link between discursive constructions of European identities and cultural ‘Others’ via some recent examples of European and national debates on migration and economic issues. More specifically, we first analyse a speech by Geert Wilders on immigration and multiculturalism after the clashes in Tunisia in 2011 and the subsequent arrival of many refugees in Italy; secondly, we focus on a speech about British relations to the European Union in the 21st century by the British Prime Minister, David Cameron. It becomes apparent that debates about European identities – especially since the financial crisis of 2008 – have increasingly been accompanied by debates about both more traditional racialised cultural concerns and more recently, about economic security, leading to new distinctions between ‘Us’, the ‘real Europeans’, and ‘Them’, the ‘Others’. In this way, the socio-political unification of Europe is challenged – once again.

AB - To date, the concept of ‘European identity’ remains quite vague and obscure. Who is European and who is not? What values do Europeans share, and who is included in or excluded from the European community? This paper deals with the renegotiation of European identity/ies and the simultaneous increase of discourses about national security and nationalism in Europe, especially during the financial crisis since 2008. We first discuss a range of theoretical approaches to European identity from an interdisciplinary perspective. In a second step, after summarising the Discourse-Historical Approach (DHA) to Critical Discourse Studies (CDS) and especially the concept of topos, we illustrate the link between discursive constructions of European identities and cultural ‘Others’ via some recent examples of European and national debates on migration and economic issues. More specifically, we first analyse a speech by Geert Wilders on immigration and multiculturalism after the clashes in Tunisia in 2011 and the subsequent arrival of many refugees in Italy; secondly, we focus on a speech about British relations to the European Union in the 21st century by the British Prime Minister, David Cameron. It becomes apparent that debates about European identities – especially since the financial crisis of 2008 – have increasingly been accompanied by debates about both more traditional racialised cultural concerns and more recently, about economic security, leading to new distinctions between ‘Us’, the ‘real Europeans’, and ‘Them’, the ‘Others’. In this way, the socio-political unification of Europe is challenged – once again.

KW - European identity/ies

KW - national identity

KW - migration

KW - topos

KW - discourse historical approach

KW - nationalism

KW - political speeches

KW - EU

KW - Wilders

KW - Cameron

KW - security

U2 - 10.1075/jlp.14.1.05wod

DO - 10.1075/jlp.14.1.05wod

M3 - Journal article

VL - 14

SP - 87

EP - 109

JO - Journal of Language and Politics

JF - Journal of Language and Politics

SN - 1569-2159

IS - 1

ER -