We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK


93% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > European Integration, the Problem of Complexity...
View graph of relations

« Back

European Integration, the Problem of Complexity and the Revision of Theory.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article


Journal publication date03/2003
JournalJournal of Common Market Studies
Number of pages21
Original languageEnglish


Recently, European integration (EI) and international relations (IR) debates have been locked into two camps: rationalists, modelling themselves on the natural sciences, and reflectivists, opposing themselves to the natural sciences. The division is based on an out-of-date view of the orderly nature of the natural sciences. Since the middle of the twentieth century a new complexity framework in the natural sciences has developed. This framework provides a new and intriguing ontological and epistemological foundation for addressing the problem of complexity and helps to explain and overcome the separation between the two poles of debate in European integration and international relations.

Bibliographic note

The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com