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Evaluating the health inequalities impact of area-based initiatives across the socioeconomic spectrum: a controlled intervention study of the New Deal for Communities, 2002-2008

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Evaluating the health inequalities impact of area-based initiatives across the socioeconomic spectrum : a controlled intervention study of the New Deal for Communities, 2002-2008. / Stafford, Mai; Badland, Hannah; Nazroo, James; Halliday, Emma; Walthery, Pierre; Povall, Sue; Dibben, Christopher; Whitehead, Margaret; Popay, Jennie.

In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, Vol. 68, No. 10, 10.2014, p. 979-986.

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Stafford, M, Badland, H, Nazroo, J, Halliday, E, Walthery, P, Povall, S, Dibben, C, Whitehead, M & Popay, J 2014, 'Evaluating the health inequalities impact of area-based initiatives across the socioeconomic spectrum: a controlled intervention study of the New Deal for Communities, 2002-2008' Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, vol. 68, no. 10, pp. 979-986. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2014-203902

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Stafford, Mai ; Badland, Hannah ; Nazroo, James ; Halliday, Emma ; Walthery, Pierre ; Povall, Sue ; Dibben, Christopher ; Whitehead, Margaret ; Popay, Jennie. / Evaluating the health inequalities impact of area-based initiatives across the socioeconomic spectrum : a controlled intervention study of the New Deal for Communities, 2002-2008. In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 2014 ; Vol. 68, No. 10. pp. 979-986.

Bibtex

@article{b84fac7ae707491abca5c4a1b58fa927,
title = "Evaluating the health inequalities impact of area-based initiatives across the socioeconomic spectrum: a controlled intervention study of the New Deal for Communities, 2002-2008",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Previous evaluations of area-based initiatives have not compared intervention areas with the full range of areas from top to bottom of the social spectrum to evaluate their health inequalities impact.SETTING: Deprived areas subject to the New Deal for Communities (NDC) intervention, local deprivation-matched comparator areas, and areas drawn from across the socioeconomic spectrum (representing high, medium and low deprivation) in England between 2002 and 2008.DATA: Secondary analysis of biannual repeat cross-sectional surveys collected for the NDC National Evaluation Team and the Health Survey for England (HSE).METHODS: Following data harmonisation, baseline and time trends in six health and social determinants of health outcomes were compared. Individual-level data were modelled using regression to adjust for age, sex, ethnic and socioeconomic differences among respondents.RESULTS: Compared with respondents in HSE low deprivation areas, those in NDC intervention areas experienced a significantly steeper improvement in education, a trend towards a steeper improvement in self-rated health, and a significantly less steep reduction in smoking between 2002 and 2008. In HSE high deprivation areas, significantly less steep improvements in five out of six outcomes were seen compared with HSE low deprivation areas.CONCLUSIONS: Although unable to consider prior trends and previous initiatives, our findings provide cautious optimism that well-resourced and constructed area-based initiatives can reduce, or at least prevent the widening of, social inequalities for selected outcomes between the most and least deprived groups of areas.",
author = "Mai Stafford and Hannah Badland and James Nazroo and Emma Halliday and Pierre Walthery and Sue Povall and Christopher Dibben and Margaret Whitehead and Jennie Popay",
note = "Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.",
year = "2014",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1136/jech-2014-203902",
language = "English",
volume = "68",
pages = "979--986",
journal = "Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health",
issn = "0143-005X",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluating the health inequalities impact of area-based initiatives across the socioeconomic spectrum

T2 - a controlled intervention study of the New Deal for Communities, 2002-2008

AU - Stafford, Mai

AU - Badland, Hannah

AU - Nazroo, James

AU - Halliday, Emma

AU - Walthery, Pierre

AU - Povall, Sue

AU - Dibben, Christopher

AU - Whitehead, Margaret

AU - Popay, Jennie

N1 - Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

PY - 2014/10

Y1 - 2014/10

N2 - BACKGROUND: Previous evaluations of area-based initiatives have not compared intervention areas with the full range of areas from top to bottom of the social spectrum to evaluate their health inequalities impact.SETTING: Deprived areas subject to the New Deal for Communities (NDC) intervention, local deprivation-matched comparator areas, and areas drawn from across the socioeconomic spectrum (representing high, medium and low deprivation) in England between 2002 and 2008.DATA: Secondary analysis of biannual repeat cross-sectional surveys collected for the NDC National Evaluation Team and the Health Survey for England (HSE).METHODS: Following data harmonisation, baseline and time trends in six health and social determinants of health outcomes were compared. Individual-level data were modelled using regression to adjust for age, sex, ethnic and socioeconomic differences among respondents.RESULTS: Compared with respondents in HSE low deprivation areas, those in NDC intervention areas experienced a significantly steeper improvement in education, a trend towards a steeper improvement in self-rated health, and a significantly less steep reduction in smoking between 2002 and 2008. In HSE high deprivation areas, significantly less steep improvements in five out of six outcomes were seen compared with HSE low deprivation areas.CONCLUSIONS: Although unable to consider prior trends and previous initiatives, our findings provide cautious optimism that well-resourced and constructed area-based initiatives can reduce, or at least prevent the widening of, social inequalities for selected outcomes between the most and least deprived groups of areas.

AB - BACKGROUND: Previous evaluations of area-based initiatives have not compared intervention areas with the full range of areas from top to bottom of the social spectrum to evaluate their health inequalities impact.SETTING: Deprived areas subject to the New Deal for Communities (NDC) intervention, local deprivation-matched comparator areas, and areas drawn from across the socioeconomic spectrum (representing high, medium and low deprivation) in England between 2002 and 2008.DATA: Secondary analysis of biannual repeat cross-sectional surveys collected for the NDC National Evaluation Team and the Health Survey for England (HSE).METHODS: Following data harmonisation, baseline and time trends in six health and social determinants of health outcomes were compared. Individual-level data were modelled using regression to adjust for age, sex, ethnic and socioeconomic differences among respondents.RESULTS: Compared with respondents in HSE low deprivation areas, those in NDC intervention areas experienced a significantly steeper improvement in education, a trend towards a steeper improvement in self-rated health, and a significantly less steep reduction in smoking between 2002 and 2008. In HSE high deprivation areas, significantly less steep improvements in five out of six outcomes were seen compared with HSE low deprivation areas.CONCLUSIONS: Although unable to consider prior trends and previous initiatives, our findings provide cautious optimism that well-resourced and constructed area-based initiatives can reduce, or at least prevent the widening of, social inequalities for selected outcomes between the most and least deprived groups of areas.

U2 - 10.1136/jech-2014-203902

DO - 10.1136/jech-2014-203902

M3 - Journal article

VL - 68

SP - 979

EP - 986

JO - Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health

JF - Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health

SN - 0143-005X

IS - 10

ER -