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Evaluation of a temperate climate mosquito, Ochlerotatus detritus (=Aedes detritus), as a potential vector of Japanese encephalitis virus

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Evaluation of a temperate climate mosquito, Ochlerotatus detritus (=Aedes detritus), as a potential vector of Japanese encephalitis virus. / Mackenzie-Impoinvil, L.; Impoinvil, D. E.; Dillon, R. J.; Ranson, H.; Fooks, A. R.; Solomon, T.

In: Medical and Veterinary Entomology, Vol. 29, No. 1, 03.2015, p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Mackenzie-Impoinvil, L, Impoinvil, DE, Dillon, RJ, Ranson, H, Fooks, AR & Solomon, T 2015, 'Evaluation of a temperate climate mosquito, Ochlerotatus detritus (=Aedes detritus), as a potential vector of Japanese encephalitis virus' Medical and Veterinary Entomology, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/mve.12083

APA

Mackenzie-Impoinvil, L., Impoinvil, D. E., Dillon, R. J., Ranson, H., Fooks, A. R., & Solomon, T. (2015). Evaluation of a temperate climate mosquito, Ochlerotatus detritus (=Aedes detritus), as a potential vector of Japanese encephalitis virus. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 29(1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/mve.12083

Vancouver

Mackenzie-Impoinvil L, Impoinvil DE, Dillon RJ, Ranson H, Fooks AR, Solomon T. Evaluation of a temperate climate mosquito, Ochlerotatus detritus (=Aedes detritus), as a potential vector of Japanese encephalitis virus. Medical and Veterinary Entomology. 2015 Mar;29(1):1-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/mve.12083

Author

Mackenzie-Impoinvil, L. ; Impoinvil, D. E. ; Dillon, R. J. ; Ranson, H. ; Fooks, A. R. ; Solomon, T. / Evaluation of a temperate climate mosquito, Ochlerotatus detritus (=Aedes detritus), as a potential vector of Japanese encephalitis virus. In: Medical and Veterinary Entomology. 2015 ; Vol. 29, No. 1. pp. 1-9.

Bibtex

@article{4720fd6839854b13a8c6ca58b9fe3372,
title = "Evaluation of a temperate climate mosquito, Ochlerotatus detritus (=Aedes detritus), as a potential vector of Japanese encephalitis virus",
abstract = "The U.K. has not yet experienced a confirmed outbreak of mosquito-borne virus transmission to people or livestock despite numerous autochthonous epizootic and human outbreaks of mosquito-borne diseases on the European mainland. Indeed, whether or not British mosquitoes are competent to transmit arboviruses has not been established. Therefore, the competence of a local (temperate) British mosquito species, Ochlerotatus detritus (=Aedes detritus) (Diptera: Culicidae) for transmission of a member of the genus Flavivirus, Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) as a model for mosquito-borne virus transmission was assessed. The JEV competence in a laboratory strain of Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae), a previously incriminated JEV vector, was also evaluated as a positive control. Ochlerotatus detritus adults were reared from field-collected juvenile stages. In oral infection bioassays, adult females developed disseminated infections and were able to transmit virus as determined by the isolation of virus in saliva secretions. When pooled at 7-21days post-infection, 13{\%} and 25{\%} of O.detritus were able to transmit JEV when held at 23 degrees C and 28 degrees C, respectively. Similar results were obtained for C.quinquefasciatus. To our knowledge, this study is the first to demonstrate that a British mosquito species, O.detritus, is a potential vector of an exotic flavivirus.",
keywords = "Ochlerotatus detritus, British mosquito, Japanese encephalitis virus, vector competence, WEST-NILE-VIRUS, CULEX-MODESTUS, SINDBIS-VIRUS, USUTU-VIRUS, FEVER VIRUS, INFECTION, TRANSMISSION, CULICIDAE, DIPTERA, SALIVA",
author = "L. Mackenzie-Impoinvil and Impoinvil, {D. E.} and Dillon, {R. J.} and H. Ranson and Fooks, {A. R.} and T. Solomon",
year = "2015",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1111/mve.12083",
language = "English",
volume = "29",
pages = "1--9",
journal = "Medical and Veterinary Entomology",
issn = "0269-283X",
publisher = "Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluation of a temperate climate mosquito, Ochlerotatus detritus (=Aedes detritus), as a potential vector of Japanese encephalitis virus

AU - Mackenzie-Impoinvil, L.

AU - Impoinvil, D. E.

AU - Dillon, R. J.

AU - Ranson, H.

AU - Fooks, A. R.

AU - Solomon, T.

PY - 2015/3

Y1 - 2015/3

N2 - The U.K. has not yet experienced a confirmed outbreak of mosquito-borne virus transmission to people or livestock despite numerous autochthonous epizootic and human outbreaks of mosquito-borne diseases on the European mainland. Indeed, whether or not British mosquitoes are competent to transmit arboviruses has not been established. Therefore, the competence of a local (temperate) British mosquito species, Ochlerotatus detritus (=Aedes detritus) (Diptera: Culicidae) for transmission of a member of the genus Flavivirus, Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) as a model for mosquito-borne virus transmission was assessed. The JEV competence in a laboratory strain of Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae), a previously incriminated JEV vector, was also evaluated as a positive control. Ochlerotatus detritus adults were reared from field-collected juvenile stages. In oral infection bioassays, adult females developed disseminated infections and were able to transmit virus as determined by the isolation of virus in saliva secretions. When pooled at 7-21days post-infection, 13% and 25% of O.detritus were able to transmit JEV when held at 23 degrees C and 28 degrees C, respectively. Similar results were obtained for C.quinquefasciatus. To our knowledge, this study is the first to demonstrate that a British mosquito species, O.detritus, is a potential vector of an exotic flavivirus.

AB - The U.K. has not yet experienced a confirmed outbreak of mosquito-borne virus transmission to people or livestock despite numerous autochthonous epizootic and human outbreaks of mosquito-borne diseases on the European mainland. Indeed, whether or not British mosquitoes are competent to transmit arboviruses has not been established. Therefore, the competence of a local (temperate) British mosquito species, Ochlerotatus detritus (=Aedes detritus) (Diptera: Culicidae) for transmission of a member of the genus Flavivirus, Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) as a model for mosquito-borne virus transmission was assessed. The JEV competence in a laboratory strain of Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae), a previously incriminated JEV vector, was also evaluated as a positive control. Ochlerotatus detritus adults were reared from field-collected juvenile stages. In oral infection bioassays, adult females developed disseminated infections and were able to transmit virus as determined by the isolation of virus in saliva secretions. When pooled at 7-21days post-infection, 13% and 25% of O.detritus were able to transmit JEV when held at 23 degrees C and 28 degrees C, respectively. Similar results were obtained for C.quinquefasciatus. To our knowledge, this study is the first to demonstrate that a British mosquito species, O.detritus, is a potential vector of an exotic flavivirus.

KW - Ochlerotatus detritus

KW - British mosquito

KW - Japanese encephalitis virus

KW - vector competence

KW - WEST-NILE-VIRUS

KW - CULEX-MODESTUS

KW - SINDBIS-VIRUS

KW - USUTU-VIRUS

KW - FEVER VIRUS

KW - INFECTION

KW - TRANSMISSION

KW - CULICIDAE

KW - DIPTERA

KW - SALIVA

U2 - 10.1111/mve.12083

DO - 10.1111/mve.12083

M3 - Journal article

VL - 29

SP - 1

EP - 9

JO - Medical and Veterinary Entomology

JF - Medical and Veterinary Entomology

SN - 0269-283X

IS - 1

ER -