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Evolutionary design of strong and stable high entropy alloys using multi-objective optimisation based on physical models, statistics and thermodynamics

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>5/04/2018
<mark>Journal</mark>Materials and Design
Volume143
Number of pages11
Pages (from-to)185-195
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date8/02/18
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

A new integrated computational HEA design strategy is proposed. It combines a multi-objective genetic algorithm with (i) statistical criteria to guide the formation of a single phase, supplemented by computational thermodynamics (Thermo-Calc) and (ii) models for the estimation of alloy yield stress via solid solution hardening, to be maximised, and alloy density, to be minimised. This strategy is applied to the design of face-centered-cubic (FCC) HEAs and yields several thousands of new alloys. An alloy featuring an interesting combination of predicted stability, strength and density, Al10Co17Fe34Mo5Ni34 (at%), is chosen among them, fabricated by vacuum arc melting and experimentally tested. The microstructure of this new HEA consists in a single FCC solid solution, as evidenced by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) mapping. With a density of 7.95 g⋅cm- 3, a Vickers hardness of 1.78 GPa, a yield stress of 215 MPa and an ultimate tensile strength of 665 MPa in the annealed state, its properties surpass those of existing FCC HEAs of comparable density.