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Experimental analysis of biomass pyrolysis using microwave-induced plasma

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Experimental analysis of biomass pyrolysis using microwave-induced plasma. / Lupa, Chris; Wylie, Stephen; Shaw, Andrew; Al-Shamma'a, Ahmed; Sweetman, Andrew; Herbert, Ben.

In: Fuel Processing Technology, Vol. 97, 05.2012, p. 79-84.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Lupa, C, Wylie, S, Shaw, A, Al-Shamma'a, A, Sweetman, A & Herbert, B 2012, 'Experimental analysis of biomass pyrolysis using microwave-induced plasma', Fuel Processing Technology, vol. 97, pp. 79-84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2012.01.015

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Author

Lupa, Chris ; Wylie, Stephen ; Shaw, Andrew ; Al-Shamma'a, Ahmed ; Sweetman, Andrew ; Herbert, Ben. / Experimental analysis of biomass pyrolysis using microwave-induced plasma. In: Fuel Processing Technology. 2012 ; Vol. 97. pp. 79-84.

Bibtex

@article{a452d6e06cb540589264adcaf464a2f8,
title = "Experimental analysis of biomass pyrolysis using microwave-induced plasma",
abstract = "Energy-from-waste, a process that converts high calorific wastes to energy, has posed a possible renewable energy route, in addition to reducing waste volumes being sent to landfill. One technology that is effective at near complete organic–inorganic dissociation is plasma gasification. However, a precursor to generating this plasma is to create an electrical arc by a large DC current, which is highly energy intensive. This study, however, examines a novel method of producing plasma by microwaves, which is much more energy effi- cient. To test its suitability in waste and biomass treatment, three 10 g triplicate waste wood (biomass) sam- ples was pyrolysed using microwave-induced plasma in a lab-based reactor. The resultant gas was siphoned from the reactor exhaust pipe and characterised using a Gasmet DX400 FTIR analyser. To determine the pro- portion of gas flow between the siphon tube and exhaust, a mass balance model of the system was con- structed. After applying the appropriate correction factor, the mean mass ratio of liquid, solid, and gas was found to be 66:20:13. The start and final masses were recorded and compared with literature values. Mean mass loss was determined to be 7.96 g (79.6 wt.%), which is indicative of complete pyrolysis.",
keywords = "Pyrolysis, Biomass, Microwave plasma, Syngas",
author = "Chris Lupa and Stephen Wylie and Andrew Shaw and Ahmed Al-Shamma'a and Andrew Sweetman and Ben Herbert",
year = "2012",
month = may
doi = "10.1016/j.fuproc.2012.01.015",
language = "English",
volume = "97",
pages = "79--84",
journal = "Fuel Processing Technology",
issn = "0378-3820",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Experimental analysis of biomass pyrolysis using microwave-induced plasma

AU - Lupa, Chris

AU - Wylie, Stephen

AU - Shaw, Andrew

AU - Al-Shamma'a, Ahmed

AU - Sweetman, Andrew

AU - Herbert, Ben

PY - 2012/5

Y1 - 2012/5

N2 - Energy-from-waste, a process that converts high calorific wastes to energy, has posed a possible renewable energy route, in addition to reducing waste volumes being sent to landfill. One technology that is effective at near complete organic–inorganic dissociation is plasma gasification. However, a precursor to generating this plasma is to create an electrical arc by a large DC current, which is highly energy intensive. This study, however, examines a novel method of producing plasma by microwaves, which is much more energy effi- cient. To test its suitability in waste and biomass treatment, three 10 g triplicate waste wood (biomass) sam- ples was pyrolysed using microwave-induced plasma in a lab-based reactor. The resultant gas was siphoned from the reactor exhaust pipe and characterised using a Gasmet DX400 FTIR analyser. To determine the pro- portion of gas flow between the siphon tube and exhaust, a mass balance model of the system was con- structed. After applying the appropriate correction factor, the mean mass ratio of liquid, solid, and gas was found to be 66:20:13. The start and final masses were recorded and compared with literature values. Mean mass loss was determined to be 7.96 g (79.6 wt.%), which is indicative of complete pyrolysis.

AB - Energy-from-waste, a process that converts high calorific wastes to energy, has posed a possible renewable energy route, in addition to reducing waste volumes being sent to landfill. One technology that is effective at near complete organic–inorganic dissociation is plasma gasification. However, a precursor to generating this plasma is to create an electrical arc by a large DC current, which is highly energy intensive. This study, however, examines a novel method of producing plasma by microwaves, which is much more energy effi- cient. To test its suitability in waste and biomass treatment, three 10 g triplicate waste wood (biomass) sam- ples was pyrolysed using microwave-induced plasma in a lab-based reactor. The resultant gas was siphoned from the reactor exhaust pipe and characterised using a Gasmet DX400 FTIR analyser. To determine the pro- portion of gas flow between the siphon tube and exhaust, a mass balance model of the system was con- structed. After applying the appropriate correction factor, the mean mass ratio of liquid, solid, and gas was found to be 66:20:13. The start and final masses were recorded and compared with literature values. Mean mass loss was determined to be 7.96 g (79.6 wt.%), which is indicative of complete pyrolysis.

KW - Pyrolysis

KW - Biomass

KW - Microwave plasma

KW - Syngas

U2 - 10.1016/j.fuproc.2012.01.015

DO - 10.1016/j.fuproc.2012.01.015

M3 - Journal article

VL - 97

SP - 79

EP - 84

JO - Fuel Processing Technology

JF - Fuel Processing Technology

SN - 0378-3820

ER -