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Expert elicitation as a method for exploring illegal harvest and trade of wild meat over large spatial scales

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@article{fc3ee1ef0aaa4be8ab79f3e2381b16ab,
title = "Expert elicitation as a method for exploring illegal harvest and trade of wild meat over large spatial scales",
abstract = "New evidence of commercialization and consumption of wild meat in Amazonian cities has exposed an alarming yet poorly understood threat to Neotropical biodiversity. In response to the limitations of field sampling for large-scale surveys, we sought to develop a method of rapidly assessing wildlife harvest and trade in multiple areas using expert knowledge. Using caiman as a model taxon, we surveyed experts across the Brazilian Amazon. Expert responses to a Likert-style questionnaire suggest that caiman hunting, generally considered a localized rural activity, is in fact common and geographically widespread. Contrary to previous assumptions we found evidence that urban demand is partly driving the harvest, including via interstate trafficking. We highlight the need for further field validation of wild-meat trade and urban consumption patterns in Amazonia. We conclude that expert elicitation is a simple, cost-effective technique that can be a valuable precursor to inform and direct applied conservation research, especially where there are significant knowledge gaps and at large spatial scales.",
keywords = "Amazonia, Brazil, caiiman harvest, expert elicitation, wild-meat consumption, wiild-meat trade",
author = "Natalie Swan and Barlow, {Bernard Josiah} and Parry, {Luke Thomas Wyn}",
year = "2017",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1017/S0030605315001167",
language = "English",
volume = "51",
pages = "298--304",
journal = "Oryx",
issn = "0030-6053",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Expert elicitation as a method for exploring illegal harvest and trade of wild meat over large spatial scales

AU - Swan, Natalie

AU - Barlow, Bernard Josiah

AU - Parry, Luke Thomas Wyn

PY - 2017/4

Y1 - 2017/4

N2 - New evidence of commercialization and consumption of wild meat in Amazonian cities has exposed an alarming yet poorly understood threat to Neotropical biodiversity. In response to the limitations of field sampling for large-scale surveys, we sought to develop a method of rapidly assessing wildlife harvest and trade in multiple areas using expert knowledge. Using caiman as a model taxon, we surveyed experts across the Brazilian Amazon. Expert responses to a Likert-style questionnaire suggest that caiman hunting, generally considered a localized rural activity, is in fact common and geographically widespread. Contrary to previous assumptions we found evidence that urban demand is partly driving the harvest, including via interstate trafficking. We highlight the need for further field validation of wild-meat trade and urban consumption patterns in Amazonia. We conclude that expert elicitation is a simple, cost-effective technique that can be a valuable precursor to inform and direct applied conservation research, especially where there are significant knowledge gaps and at large spatial scales.

AB - New evidence of commercialization and consumption of wild meat in Amazonian cities has exposed an alarming yet poorly understood threat to Neotropical biodiversity. In response to the limitations of field sampling for large-scale surveys, we sought to develop a method of rapidly assessing wildlife harvest and trade in multiple areas using expert knowledge. Using caiman as a model taxon, we surveyed experts across the Brazilian Amazon. Expert responses to a Likert-style questionnaire suggest that caiman hunting, generally considered a localized rural activity, is in fact common and geographically widespread. Contrary to previous assumptions we found evidence that urban demand is partly driving the harvest, including via interstate trafficking. We highlight the need for further field validation of wild-meat trade and urban consumption patterns in Amazonia. We conclude that expert elicitation is a simple, cost-effective technique that can be a valuable precursor to inform and direct applied conservation research, especially where there are significant knowledge gaps and at large spatial scales.

KW - Amazonia

KW - Brazil

KW - caiiman harvest

KW - expert elicitation

KW - wild-meat consumption

KW - wiild-meat trade

U2 - 10.1017/S0030605315001167

DO - 10.1017/S0030605315001167

M3 - Journal article

VL - 51

SP - 298

EP - 304

JO - Oryx

JF - Oryx

SN - 0030-6053

IS - 2

ER -