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Exploring global changes in nitrogen and phosphorus cycles in agriculture induced by livestock production over the 1900-2050 period

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Exploring global changes in nitrogen and phosphorus cycles in agriculture induced by livestock production over the 1900-2050 period. / Bouwman, Lex; Goldewijk, Kees Klein; Van Der Hoek, Klaas W.; Beusen, Arthur H W; Van Vuuren, Detlef P.; Willems, Jaap; Rufino, Mariana C.; Stehfest, Elke.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 110, No. 52, 24.12.2013, p. 20882-20887.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Bouwman, L, Goldewijk, KK, Van Der Hoek, KW, Beusen, AHW, Van Vuuren, DP, Willems, J, Rufino, MC & Stehfest, E 2013, 'Exploring global changes in nitrogen and phosphorus cycles in agriculture induced by livestock production over the 1900-2050 period', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 110, no. 52, pp. 20882-20887. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1012878108

APA

Bouwman, L., Goldewijk, K. K., Van Der Hoek, K. W., Beusen, A. H. W., Van Vuuren, D. P., Willems, J., Rufino, M. C., & Stehfest, E. (2013). Exploring global changes in nitrogen and phosphorus cycles in agriculture induced by livestock production over the 1900-2050 period. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(52), 20882-20887. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1012878108

Vancouver

Bouwman L, Goldewijk KK, Van Der Hoek KW, Beusen AHW, Van Vuuren DP, Willems J et al. Exploring global changes in nitrogen and phosphorus cycles in agriculture induced by livestock production over the 1900-2050 period. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2013 Dec 24;110(52):20882-20887. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1012878108

Author

Bouwman, Lex ; Goldewijk, Kees Klein ; Van Der Hoek, Klaas W. ; Beusen, Arthur H W ; Van Vuuren, Detlef P. ; Willems, Jaap ; Rufino, Mariana C. ; Stehfest, Elke. / Exploring global changes in nitrogen and phosphorus cycles in agriculture induced by livestock production over the 1900-2050 period. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2013 ; Vol. 110, No. 52. pp. 20882-20887.

Bibtex

@article{a776043db2384307ad300f7164708872,
title = "Exploring global changes in nitrogen and phosphorus cycles in agriculture induced by livestock production over the 1900-2050 period",
abstract = "Crop-livestock production systems are the largest cause of human alteration of the global nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) cycles. Our comprehensive spatially explicit inventory of N and P budgets in livestock and crop production systems shows that in the beginning of the 20th century, nutrient budgets were either balanced or surpluses were small; between 1900 and 1950, global soil N surplus almost doubled to 36 trillion grams (Tg)·y-1 and P surplus increased by a factor of 8 to 2 Tg·y-1. Between 1950 and 2000, the global surplus increased to 138 Tg·y-1 of N and 11 Tg·y-1 of P. Most surplus N is an environmental loss; surplus P is lost by runoff or accumulates as residual soil P. The International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science, and Technology for Development scenario portrays a world with a further increasing global crop (+82% for 2000-2050) and livestock production (+115%); despite rapidly increasing recovery in crop (+35% N recovery and +6% P recovery) and livestock (+35% N and P recovery) production, global nutrient surpluses continue to increase (+23% N and +54%P), and in this period, surpluses also increase in Africa (+49% N and +236% P) and Latin America (+75% N and +120% P). Alternative management of livestock production systems shows that combinations of intensification, better integration of animal manure in crop production, and matching N and P supply to livestock requirements can effectively reduce nutrient flows. A shift in human diets, with poultry or pork replacing beef, can reduce nutrient flows in countries with intensive ruminant production.",
keywords = "Emissions, Global nitrogen and phosphorus cycle, Soil nutrient budget",
author = "Lex Bouwman and Goldewijk, {Kees Klein} and {Van Der Hoek}, {Klaas W.} and Beusen, {Arthur H W} and {Van Vuuren}, {Detlef P.} and Jaap Willems and Rufino, {Mariana C.} and Elke Stehfest",
year = "2013",
month = dec
day = "24",
doi = "10.1073/pnas.1012878108",
language = "English",
volume = "110",
pages = "20882--20887",
journal = "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
issn = "0027-8424",
publisher = "National Academy of Sciences",
number = "52",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exploring global changes in nitrogen and phosphorus cycles in agriculture induced by livestock production over the 1900-2050 period

AU - Bouwman, Lex

AU - Goldewijk, Kees Klein

AU - Van Der Hoek, Klaas W.

AU - Beusen, Arthur H W

AU - Van Vuuren, Detlef P.

AU - Willems, Jaap

AU - Rufino, Mariana C.

AU - Stehfest, Elke

PY - 2013/12/24

Y1 - 2013/12/24

N2 - Crop-livestock production systems are the largest cause of human alteration of the global nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) cycles. Our comprehensive spatially explicit inventory of N and P budgets in livestock and crop production systems shows that in the beginning of the 20th century, nutrient budgets were either balanced or surpluses were small; between 1900 and 1950, global soil N surplus almost doubled to 36 trillion grams (Tg)·y-1 and P surplus increased by a factor of 8 to 2 Tg·y-1. Between 1950 and 2000, the global surplus increased to 138 Tg·y-1 of N and 11 Tg·y-1 of P. Most surplus N is an environmental loss; surplus P is lost by runoff or accumulates as residual soil P. The International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science, and Technology for Development scenario portrays a world with a further increasing global crop (+82% for 2000-2050) and livestock production (+115%); despite rapidly increasing recovery in crop (+35% N recovery and +6% P recovery) and livestock (+35% N and P recovery) production, global nutrient surpluses continue to increase (+23% N and +54%P), and in this period, surpluses also increase in Africa (+49% N and +236% P) and Latin America (+75% N and +120% P). Alternative management of livestock production systems shows that combinations of intensification, better integration of animal manure in crop production, and matching N and P supply to livestock requirements can effectively reduce nutrient flows. A shift in human diets, with poultry or pork replacing beef, can reduce nutrient flows in countries with intensive ruminant production.

AB - Crop-livestock production systems are the largest cause of human alteration of the global nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) cycles. Our comprehensive spatially explicit inventory of N and P budgets in livestock and crop production systems shows that in the beginning of the 20th century, nutrient budgets were either balanced or surpluses were small; between 1900 and 1950, global soil N surplus almost doubled to 36 trillion grams (Tg)·y-1 and P surplus increased by a factor of 8 to 2 Tg·y-1. Between 1950 and 2000, the global surplus increased to 138 Tg·y-1 of N and 11 Tg·y-1 of P. Most surplus N is an environmental loss; surplus P is lost by runoff or accumulates as residual soil P. The International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science, and Technology for Development scenario portrays a world with a further increasing global crop (+82% for 2000-2050) and livestock production (+115%); despite rapidly increasing recovery in crop (+35% N recovery and +6% P recovery) and livestock (+35% N and P recovery) production, global nutrient surpluses continue to increase (+23% N and +54%P), and in this period, surpluses also increase in Africa (+49% N and +236% P) and Latin America (+75% N and +120% P). Alternative management of livestock production systems shows that combinations of intensification, better integration of animal manure in crop production, and matching N and P supply to livestock requirements can effectively reduce nutrient flows. A shift in human diets, with poultry or pork replacing beef, can reduce nutrient flows in countries with intensive ruminant production.

KW - Emissions

KW - Global nitrogen and phosphorus cycle

KW - Soil nutrient budget

U2 - 10.1073/pnas.1012878108

DO - 10.1073/pnas.1012878108

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:84896697179

VL - 110

SP - 20882

EP - 20887

JO - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

JF - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

SN - 0027-8424

IS - 52

ER -