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Extracellular dopamine potentiates mn-induced oxidative stress, lifespan reduction, and dopaminergic neurodegeneration in a BLI-3-dependent manner in Caenorhabditis elegans

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Extracellular dopamine potentiates mn-induced oxidative stress, lifespan reduction, and dopaminergic neurodegeneration in a BLI-3-dependent manner in Caenorhabditis elegans. / Benedetto, Alexandre; Au, Catherine; Avila, Daiana Silva; Milatovic, Dejan; Aschner, Michael.

In: PLoS Genetics, Vol. 6, No. 8, 26.08.2010.

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@article{1875dd590d5f4eaa94741518f4c0c86b,
title = "Extracellular dopamine potentiates mn-induced oxidative stress, lifespan reduction, and dopaminergic neurodegeneration in a BLI-3-dependent manner in Caenorhabditis elegans",
abstract = "Parkinson's disease (PD)-mimicking drugs and pesticides, and more recently PD-associated gene mutations, have been studied in cell cultures and mammalian models to decipher the molecular basis of PD. Thus far, a dozen of genes have been identified that are responsible for inherited PD. However they only account for about 8% of PD cases, most of the cases likely involving environmental contributions. Environmental manganese (Mn) exposure represents an established risk factor for PD occurrence, and both PD and Mn-intoxicated patients display a characteristic extrapyramidal syndrome primarily involving dopaminergic (DAergic) neurodegeneration with shared common molecular mechanisms. To better understand the specificity of DAergic neurodegeneration, we studied Mn toxicity in vivo in Caenorhabditis elegans. Combining genetics and biochemical assays, we established that extracellular, and not intracellular, dopamine (DA) is responsible for Mn-induced DAergic neurodegeneration and that this process (1) requires functional DA-reuptake transporter (DAT-1) and (2) is associated with oxidative stress and lifespan reduction. Overexpression of the anti-oxidant transcription factor, SKN-1, affords protection against Mn toxicity, while the DA-dependency of Mn toxicity requires the NADPH dual-oxidase BLI-3. These results suggest that in vivo BLI-3 activity promotes the conversion of extracellular DA into toxic reactive species, which, in turn, can be taken up by DAT-1 in DAergic neurons, thus leading to oxidative stress and cell degeneration.",
keywords = "Aging, Animals, Caenorhabditis elegans, Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins, Disease Models, Animal, Dopamine, Dopamine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins, Extracellular Space, Female, Humans, Life Expectancy, Male, Manganese, Nerve Degeneration, Neurons, Oxidative Stress, Oxidoreductases, Parkinson Disease, Protein Transport, Journal Article, Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural",
author = "Alexandre Benedetto and Catherine Au and Avila, {Daiana Silva} and Dejan Milatovic and Michael Aschner",
year = "2010",
month = aug,
day = "26",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pgen.1001084",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
journal = "PLoS Genetics",
issn = "1553-7390",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Extracellular dopamine potentiates mn-induced oxidative stress, lifespan reduction, and dopaminergic neurodegeneration in a BLI-3-dependent manner in Caenorhabditis elegans

AU - Benedetto, Alexandre

AU - Au, Catherine

AU - Avila, Daiana Silva

AU - Milatovic, Dejan

AU - Aschner, Michael

PY - 2010/8/26

Y1 - 2010/8/26

N2 - Parkinson's disease (PD)-mimicking drugs and pesticides, and more recently PD-associated gene mutations, have been studied in cell cultures and mammalian models to decipher the molecular basis of PD. Thus far, a dozen of genes have been identified that are responsible for inherited PD. However they only account for about 8% of PD cases, most of the cases likely involving environmental contributions. Environmental manganese (Mn) exposure represents an established risk factor for PD occurrence, and both PD and Mn-intoxicated patients display a characteristic extrapyramidal syndrome primarily involving dopaminergic (DAergic) neurodegeneration with shared common molecular mechanisms. To better understand the specificity of DAergic neurodegeneration, we studied Mn toxicity in vivo in Caenorhabditis elegans. Combining genetics and biochemical assays, we established that extracellular, and not intracellular, dopamine (DA) is responsible for Mn-induced DAergic neurodegeneration and that this process (1) requires functional DA-reuptake transporter (DAT-1) and (2) is associated with oxidative stress and lifespan reduction. Overexpression of the anti-oxidant transcription factor, SKN-1, affords protection against Mn toxicity, while the DA-dependency of Mn toxicity requires the NADPH dual-oxidase BLI-3. These results suggest that in vivo BLI-3 activity promotes the conversion of extracellular DA into toxic reactive species, which, in turn, can be taken up by DAT-1 in DAergic neurons, thus leading to oxidative stress and cell degeneration.

AB - Parkinson's disease (PD)-mimicking drugs and pesticides, and more recently PD-associated gene mutations, have been studied in cell cultures and mammalian models to decipher the molecular basis of PD. Thus far, a dozen of genes have been identified that are responsible for inherited PD. However they only account for about 8% of PD cases, most of the cases likely involving environmental contributions. Environmental manganese (Mn) exposure represents an established risk factor for PD occurrence, and both PD and Mn-intoxicated patients display a characteristic extrapyramidal syndrome primarily involving dopaminergic (DAergic) neurodegeneration with shared common molecular mechanisms. To better understand the specificity of DAergic neurodegeneration, we studied Mn toxicity in vivo in Caenorhabditis elegans. Combining genetics and biochemical assays, we established that extracellular, and not intracellular, dopamine (DA) is responsible for Mn-induced DAergic neurodegeneration and that this process (1) requires functional DA-reuptake transporter (DAT-1) and (2) is associated with oxidative stress and lifespan reduction. Overexpression of the anti-oxidant transcription factor, SKN-1, affords protection against Mn toxicity, while the DA-dependency of Mn toxicity requires the NADPH dual-oxidase BLI-3. These results suggest that in vivo BLI-3 activity promotes the conversion of extracellular DA into toxic reactive species, which, in turn, can be taken up by DAT-1 in DAergic neurons, thus leading to oxidative stress and cell degeneration.

KW - Aging

KW - Animals

KW - Caenorhabditis elegans

KW - Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins

KW - Disease Models, Animal

KW - Dopamine

KW - Dopamine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins

KW - Extracellular Space

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Life Expectancy

KW - Male

KW - Manganese

KW - Nerve Degeneration

KW - Neurons

KW - Oxidative Stress

KW - Oxidoreductases

KW - Parkinson Disease

KW - Protein Transport

KW - Journal Article

KW - Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pgen.1001084

DO - 10.1371/journal.pgen.1001084

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 20865164

VL - 6

JO - PLoS Genetics

JF - PLoS Genetics

SN - 1553-7390

IS - 8

ER -