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    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Legal Medicine. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Legal Medicine, 43, 2020 DOI: 10.1016/j.legalmed.2019.101665

    Accepted author manuscript, 1.22 MB, PDF document

    Embargo ends: 7/01/21

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Facial average soft tissue depth variation based on skeletal classes in Indonesian adult population: A retrospective lateral cephalometric study

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

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  • E. Sarilita
  • C. Rynn
  • P.A. Mossey
  • S. Black
  • F. Oscandar
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Article number101665
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>31/03/2020
<mark>Journal</mark>Legal Medicine
Volume43
Number of pages7
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date7/01/20
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Objective
To understand the influence of three types of skeletal classes (Class I, Class II and Class III) on midline average soft tissue depth (ASTD).

Methods
Lateral cephalograms of 335 pre-treatment orthodontic patients were obtained from the archive of Radiology Clinic Universitas Padjadjaran Dental Hospital Bandung Indonesia. The linear measurements of 10 midline facial landmarks ASTD and angular measurement of ANB were extracted and analysed statistically.

Results
A database of ASTD grouped by skeletal classes, specific for the Indonesian population, within the South East Asian ancestry group was obtained.

Conclusions
A generic pattern of deeper upper lip than lower lip in class III compared to class II and conversely, deeper lower lip than upper lip in class II compared to class III, was visible in both male and female groups.

Bibliographic note

This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Legal Medicine. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Legal Medicine, 43, 2020 DOI: 10.1016/j.legalmed.2019.101665