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Factors affecting front line staff acceptance of telehealth technologies: a mixed-method systematic review

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

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  • Liz Brewster
  • Gail Mountain
  • Bridgette Wessels
  • Ciara Kelly
  • Mark Hawley
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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>01/2014
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Advanced Nursing
Issue number1
Volume70
Number of pages13
Pages (from-to)21-33
Publication statusPublished
Early online date20/06/13
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Aim: To synthesize qualitative and quantitative evidence of front-line staff acceptance of the use of telehealth technologies for the management of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Chronic Heart Failure. Background: The implementation of telehealth at scale is a governmental priority in countries including the UK, USA and Canada, but little research has been conducted to analyse the impact of implementation on front-line nursing staff. Data sources: Six relevant data bases were searched between 2000-2012. Design: Mixed-method systematic review including all study designs. Review methods: Centre for Reviews and Dissemination approach with thematic analysis and narrative synthesis of results. Results: Fourteen studies met the review inclusion criteria; 2 quantitative surveys, 2 mixed-method studies and 10 using qualitative methods, including focus groups, interviews, document analysis and observations. Identified factors affecting staff acceptance centred on the negative impact of service change, staff-patient interaction, credibility and autonomy, and technical issues. Studies often contrasted staff and patient perspectives, and data about staff acceptance were collected as part of a wider study, rather than being the focus of data collection, meaning data about staff acceptance were limited. Conclusion: If telehealth is to be implemented, studies indicate that the lack of acceptance of this new way of working may be a key barrier. However, recommendations have not moved beyond barrier identification to recognizing solutions that might be implemented by front-line staff. Such solutions are imperative if future roll-out of telehealth technologies is to be successfully achieved.