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Fascism and the Jews: from the internationalization of fascism to a 'fascist anti-Semitism'

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Fascism and the Jews : from the internationalization of fascism to a 'fascist anti-Semitism'. / Kallis, Aristotle.

In: Holocaust Studies, Vol. 15, No. 1-2, 2010, p. 15-34.

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@article{bc43b652c3c9409182c43278879081e5,
title = "Fascism and the Jews: from the internationalization of fascism to a 'fascist anti-Semitism'",
abstract = "The relationship between fascism, race and antisemitism has troubled historians ever since the end of the second world war. While National Socialist ideology and praxis were evidently dominated by an existential hatred of the Jews, discussion of antisemitism in the context of generic/comparative fascism studies reveals a wide variation amongst other fascist movements/regimes that has impeded a historiographical consensus on this matter. This essay examines how a particular, virulent form of (generic) {\textquoteleft}fascist antisemitism{\textquoteright} emerged and spread during the 1930s, under the radicalising influence and increasing kudos of the National Socialist regime, resulting in a de facto internationalisation of {\textquoteleft}fascism{\textquoteright} and a sense of a joint history-making mission against the perceived forces of {\textquoteleft}decadence{\textquoteright}. However, the term {\textquoteleft}fascist antisemitism{\textquoteright} does not imply simple imitation of an otherwise imported or imposed (Nazi) model. Instead, long-term traditions and contemporary factors particular to each national setting played a critical role in shaping the relationship between fascism and antisemitism in each branch of the fascist {\textquoteleft}new order{\textquoteright}.",
keywords = "fascism, antisemitism , Jews , Holocaust",
author = "Aristotle Kallis",
year = "2010",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
pages = "15--34",
journal = "Holocaust Studies",
issn = "1750-4902",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "1-2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fascism and the Jews

T2 - from the internationalization of fascism to a 'fascist anti-Semitism'

AU - Kallis, Aristotle

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - The relationship between fascism, race and antisemitism has troubled historians ever since the end of the second world war. While National Socialist ideology and praxis were evidently dominated by an existential hatred of the Jews, discussion of antisemitism in the context of generic/comparative fascism studies reveals a wide variation amongst other fascist movements/regimes that has impeded a historiographical consensus on this matter. This essay examines how a particular, virulent form of (generic) ‘fascist antisemitism’ emerged and spread during the 1930s, under the radicalising influence and increasing kudos of the National Socialist regime, resulting in a de facto internationalisation of ‘fascism’ and a sense of a joint history-making mission against the perceived forces of ‘decadence’. However, the term ‘fascist antisemitism’ does not imply simple imitation of an otherwise imported or imposed (Nazi) model. Instead, long-term traditions and contemporary factors particular to each national setting played a critical role in shaping the relationship between fascism and antisemitism in each branch of the fascist ‘new order’.

AB - The relationship between fascism, race and antisemitism has troubled historians ever since the end of the second world war. While National Socialist ideology and praxis were evidently dominated by an existential hatred of the Jews, discussion of antisemitism in the context of generic/comparative fascism studies reveals a wide variation amongst other fascist movements/regimes that has impeded a historiographical consensus on this matter. This essay examines how a particular, virulent form of (generic) ‘fascist antisemitism’ emerged and spread during the 1930s, under the radicalising influence and increasing kudos of the National Socialist regime, resulting in a de facto internationalisation of ‘fascism’ and a sense of a joint history-making mission against the perceived forces of ‘decadence’. However, the term ‘fascist antisemitism’ does not imply simple imitation of an otherwise imported or imposed (Nazi) model. Instead, long-term traditions and contemporary factors particular to each national setting played a critical role in shaping the relationship between fascism and antisemitism in each branch of the fascist ‘new order’.

KW - fascism

KW - antisemitism

KW - Jews

KW - Holocaust

M3 - Journal article

VL - 15

SP - 15

EP - 34

JO - Holocaust Studies

JF - Holocaust Studies

SN - 1750-4902

IS - 1-2

ER -