12,000

We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK

93%

93% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Fate and behaviour of phenanthrene in the natur...
View graph of relations

« Back

Fate and behaviour of phenanthrene in the natural and artificial soils.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date03/2008
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Journal number2
Volume152
Number of pages8
Pages468-475
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

OECD artificial soil has been used routinely as a standardized substrate for soil toxicity tests. However, can be the fate, behaviour and effects of contaminants in artificial soil extrapolated to natural soils? The aim of our study was to verify this hypothesis by comparing the loss, extraction, and bioavailability of phenanthrene in three artificial and three natural soils of comparable organic carbon content. Soils were spiked with C-14-phenanthrene and total C-14-activity change, the fractions extracted by dichloromethane, 70% ethanol, and hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin, the fraction mineralized by Pseudomonas sp., and taken up by Enchytraeus albidus were measured after 1, 14, 42, and 84 d aging. The loss, extraction, biodegradation and uptake were several times lower in the artificial than natural soils and these differences increased with increasing soil-phenanthrene contact time. These results imply that artificial soil should be used cautiously for the prediction of fate and behaviour in natural soils. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.