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Fate and behaviour of phenanthrene in the natural and artificial soils.

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Fate and behaviour of phenanthrene in the natural and artificial soils. / Hofman, Jakub; Rhodes, Angela; Semple, Kirk T.

In: Environmental Pollution, Vol. 152, No. 2, 03.2008, p. 468-475.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

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Hofman, J, Rhodes, A & Semple, KT 2008, 'Fate and behaviour of phenanthrene in the natural and artificial soils.', Environmental Pollution, vol. 152, no. 2, pp. 468-475. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2007.05.034

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Hofman, Jakub ; Rhodes, Angela ; Semple, Kirk T. / Fate and behaviour of phenanthrene in the natural and artificial soils. In: Environmental Pollution. 2008 ; Vol. 152, No. 2. pp. 468-475.

Bibtex

@article{7ab4534afe034330b59ba17c148b20b4,
title = "Fate and behaviour of phenanthrene in the natural and artificial soils.",
abstract = "OECD artificial soil has been used routinely as a standardized substrate for soil toxicity tests. However, can be the fate, behaviour and effects of contaminants in artificial soil extrapolated to natural soils? The aim of our study was to verify this hypothesis by comparing the loss, extraction, and bioavailability of phenanthrene in three artificial and three natural soils of comparable organic carbon content. Soils were spiked with C-14-phenanthrene and total C-14-activity change, the fractions extracted by dichloromethane, 70% ethanol, and hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin, the fraction mineralized by Pseudomonas sp., and taken up by Enchytraeus albidus were measured after 1, 14, 42, and 84 d aging. The loss, extraction, biodegradation and uptake were several times lower in the artificial than natural soils and these differences increased with increasing soil-phenanthrene contact time. These results imply that artificial soil should be used cautiously for the prediction of fate and behaviour in natural soils. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "organic contaminants, artificial soil, extractability, bioavailability",
author = "Jakub Hofman and Angela Rhodes and Semple, {Kirk T.}",
year = "2008",
month = mar
doi = "10.1016/j.envpol.2007.05.034",
language = "English",
volume = "152",
pages = "468--475",
journal = "Environmental Pollution",
issn = "0269-7491",
publisher = "Elsevier Ltd",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fate and behaviour of phenanthrene in the natural and artificial soils.

AU - Hofman, Jakub

AU - Rhodes, Angela

AU - Semple, Kirk T.

PY - 2008/3

Y1 - 2008/3

N2 - OECD artificial soil has been used routinely as a standardized substrate for soil toxicity tests. However, can be the fate, behaviour and effects of contaminants in artificial soil extrapolated to natural soils? The aim of our study was to verify this hypothesis by comparing the loss, extraction, and bioavailability of phenanthrene in three artificial and three natural soils of comparable organic carbon content. Soils were spiked with C-14-phenanthrene and total C-14-activity change, the fractions extracted by dichloromethane, 70% ethanol, and hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin, the fraction mineralized by Pseudomonas sp., and taken up by Enchytraeus albidus were measured after 1, 14, 42, and 84 d aging. The loss, extraction, biodegradation and uptake were several times lower in the artificial than natural soils and these differences increased with increasing soil-phenanthrene contact time. These results imply that artificial soil should be used cautiously for the prediction of fate and behaviour in natural soils. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

AB - OECD artificial soil has been used routinely as a standardized substrate for soil toxicity tests. However, can be the fate, behaviour and effects of contaminants in artificial soil extrapolated to natural soils? The aim of our study was to verify this hypothesis by comparing the loss, extraction, and bioavailability of phenanthrene in three artificial and three natural soils of comparable organic carbon content. Soils were spiked with C-14-phenanthrene and total C-14-activity change, the fractions extracted by dichloromethane, 70% ethanol, and hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin, the fraction mineralized by Pseudomonas sp., and taken up by Enchytraeus albidus were measured after 1, 14, 42, and 84 d aging. The loss, extraction, biodegradation and uptake were several times lower in the artificial than natural soils and these differences increased with increasing soil-phenanthrene contact time. These results imply that artificial soil should be used cautiously for the prediction of fate and behaviour in natural soils. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KW - organic contaminants

KW - artificial soil

KW - extractability

KW - bioavailability

U2 - 10.1016/j.envpol.2007.05.034

DO - 10.1016/j.envpol.2007.05.034

M3 - Journal article

VL - 152

SP - 468

EP - 475

JO - Environmental Pollution

JF - Environmental Pollution

SN - 0269-7491

IS - 2

ER -