Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Finite element analysis and modelling of therma...

Electronic data

  • Main_Article_revised

    Rights statement: The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy , 231 (7), 2017, © SAGE Publications Ltd, 2017 by SAGE Publications Ltd at the Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy page: http://journals.sagepub.com/home/pia on SAGE Journals Online: http://Journals.sagepub.com/

    Accepted author manuscript, 562 KB, PDF document

    Available under license: CC BY-NC: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Links

Text available via DOI:

View graph of relations

Finite element analysis and modelling of thermal stress in solid oxide fuel cells

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Standard

Finite element analysis and modelling of thermal stress in solid oxide fuel cells. / Schlegl, Harald; Dawson, Richard James.

In: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy, Vol. 231, No. 7, 01.11.2017, p. 654-665.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Schlegl, H & Dawson, RJ 2017, 'Finite element analysis and modelling of thermal stress in solid oxide fuel cells', Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy, vol. 231, no. 7, pp. 654-665. https://doi.org/10.1177/0957650917716269

APA

Schlegl, H., & Dawson, R. J. (2017). Finite element analysis and modelling of thermal stress in solid oxide fuel cells. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy, 231(7), 654-665. https://doi.org/10.1177/0957650917716269

Vancouver

Schlegl H, Dawson RJ. Finite element analysis and modelling of thermal stress in solid oxide fuel cells. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy. 2017 Nov 1;231(7):654-665. https://doi.org/10.1177/0957650917716269

Author

Schlegl, Harald ; Dawson, Richard James. / Finite element analysis and modelling of thermal stress in solid oxide fuel cells. In: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy. 2017 ; Vol. 231, No. 7. pp. 654-665.

Bibtex

@article{f7ed7e769b53443eb7e35ac6c33a749b,
title = "Finite element analysis and modelling of thermal stress in solid oxide fuel cells",
abstract = "Durability and reliability of anode supported SOFC stacks have proven unsatisfactory in large scale trials, showing rapid failure, thermal cycling in tolerance and step change in electrochemical performance most likely related to mechanical issues. Monitoring and understanding the mechanical conditions in the stack especially during temperature changes can lead to improvements of the design and of the operating regime targeting maximum durability. Within this project modelling and simulation of thermal stresses within the different parts of the cells and the stack and the validation of this models play a key role and were performed in this work.The modelling and simulation of stress and strain have been carried out using the FEA software ABAQUSTM. Model variations documented the importance of exact knowledge of material properties like Young{\textquoteright}s modulus, Poisson{\textquoteright}s ratio, thermal expansion coefficient, thermal conductivity and creep viscosity. The benefit of literature data for these properties is limited by the fact that all these properties are highly dependent on the composition of materials but also on details of the fabrication process like mixing, fabrication technique and sintering temperature and duration. The work presented here is an investigation into the modelling techniques which can be most efficiently applied to represent anode supported solid oxide fuel cells and demonstrates the temperature gradient and constraint on the stresses experienced in a typical design.Comparing different meshing elements representing the cell parts thin shell elements (S4R) provided the most efficiently derived solution. Tensile stress is most significant in the cathode layers reaching 155 MPa at working conditions. The stress relieving effect of creep led to a reduction of stress by up to 20% after 1000 hours at 750°C, reducing the tensile stress in the cathode area to maximal 121 MPa. Constraint between bipolar plates increases the tensile stress, especially in the cathode layers leading to a peak value of 161 MPa.",
keywords = "Finite element analysis, fuel cells, solid oxide fuel cell, thermal stress",
author = "Harald Schlegl and Dawson, {Richard James}",
note = "The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy , 231 (7), 2017, {\textcopyright} SAGE Publications Ltd, 2017 by SAGE Publications Ltd at the Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy page: http://journals.sagepub.com/home/pia on SAGE Journals Online: http://Journals.sagepub.com/ ",
year = "2017",
month = nov
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0957650917716269",
language = "English",
volume = "231",
pages = "654--665",
journal = "Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy",
issn = "0957-6509",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Finite element analysis and modelling of thermal stress in solid oxide fuel cells

AU - Schlegl, Harald

AU - Dawson, Richard James

N1 - The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy , 231 (7), 2017, © SAGE Publications Ltd, 2017 by SAGE Publications Ltd at the Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy page: http://journals.sagepub.com/home/pia on SAGE Journals Online: http://Journals.sagepub.com/

PY - 2017/11/1

Y1 - 2017/11/1

N2 - Durability and reliability of anode supported SOFC stacks have proven unsatisfactory in large scale trials, showing rapid failure, thermal cycling in tolerance and step change in electrochemical performance most likely related to mechanical issues. Monitoring and understanding the mechanical conditions in the stack especially during temperature changes can lead to improvements of the design and of the operating regime targeting maximum durability. Within this project modelling and simulation of thermal stresses within the different parts of the cells and the stack and the validation of this models play a key role and were performed in this work.The modelling and simulation of stress and strain have been carried out using the FEA software ABAQUSTM. Model variations documented the importance of exact knowledge of material properties like Young’s modulus, Poisson’s ratio, thermal expansion coefficient, thermal conductivity and creep viscosity. The benefit of literature data for these properties is limited by the fact that all these properties are highly dependent on the composition of materials but also on details of the fabrication process like mixing, fabrication technique and sintering temperature and duration. The work presented here is an investigation into the modelling techniques which can be most efficiently applied to represent anode supported solid oxide fuel cells and demonstrates the temperature gradient and constraint on the stresses experienced in a typical design.Comparing different meshing elements representing the cell parts thin shell elements (S4R) provided the most efficiently derived solution. Tensile stress is most significant in the cathode layers reaching 155 MPa at working conditions. The stress relieving effect of creep led to a reduction of stress by up to 20% after 1000 hours at 750°C, reducing the tensile stress in the cathode area to maximal 121 MPa. Constraint between bipolar plates increases the tensile stress, especially in the cathode layers leading to a peak value of 161 MPa.

AB - Durability and reliability of anode supported SOFC stacks have proven unsatisfactory in large scale trials, showing rapid failure, thermal cycling in tolerance and step change in electrochemical performance most likely related to mechanical issues. Monitoring and understanding the mechanical conditions in the stack especially during temperature changes can lead to improvements of the design and of the operating regime targeting maximum durability. Within this project modelling and simulation of thermal stresses within the different parts of the cells and the stack and the validation of this models play a key role and were performed in this work.The modelling and simulation of stress and strain have been carried out using the FEA software ABAQUSTM. Model variations documented the importance of exact knowledge of material properties like Young’s modulus, Poisson’s ratio, thermal expansion coefficient, thermal conductivity and creep viscosity. The benefit of literature data for these properties is limited by the fact that all these properties are highly dependent on the composition of materials but also on details of the fabrication process like mixing, fabrication technique and sintering temperature and duration. The work presented here is an investigation into the modelling techniques which can be most efficiently applied to represent anode supported solid oxide fuel cells and demonstrates the temperature gradient and constraint on the stresses experienced in a typical design.Comparing different meshing elements representing the cell parts thin shell elements (S4R) provided the most efficiently derived solution. Tensile stress is most significant in the cathode layers reaching 155 MPa at working conditions. The stress relieving effect of creep led to a reduction of stress by up to 20% after 1000 hours at 750°C, reducing the tensile stress in the cathode area to maximal 121 MPa. Constraint between bipolar plates increases the tensile stress, especially in the cathode layers leading to a peak value of 161 MPa.

KW - Finite element analysis

KW - fuel cells

KW - solid oxide fuel cell

KW - thermal stress

U2 - 10.1177/0957650917716269

DO - 10.1177/0957650917716269

M3 - Journal article

VL - 231

SP - 654

EP - 665

JO - Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy

JF - Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy

SN - 0957-6509

IS - 7

ER -