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First direct observation of muon antineutrino disappearance

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Article number021801
Journal publication date5/07/2011
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Journal number2
Volume107
Number of pages5
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

This Letter reports the first direct observation of muon antineutrino disappearance. The MINOS experiment has taken data with an accelerator beam optimized for ν̅ μ production, accumulating an exposure of 1.71×1020 protons on target. In the Far Detector, 97 charged current ν̅ μ events are observed. The no-oscillation hypothesis predicts 156 events and is excluded at 6.3σ. The best fit to oscillation yields |Δm̅ 2|=[3.36-0.40+0.46(stat)±0.06(syst)]×10-3  eV2, sin⁡2(2θ̅ )=0.86-0.12+0.11(stat)±0.01(syst). The MINOS νμ and ν̅ μ measurements are consistent at the 2.0% confidence level, assuming identical underlying oscillation parameters.

Bibliographic note

© 2011 American Physical Society