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Flow separation in undisturbed soil using multiple anionic tracers (3) unsteady core scale infiltration experiments.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date11/1996
JournalHydrological Processes
Journal number11
Volume10
Number of pages16
Pages1467-1482
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Solute transport through structured, undisturbed soil has been studied in transient, unsaturated experiments using columns from grass and woodland sites on the Lancaster University campus. Three anionic tracers have been used, bromide (Br-) and two fluorinated organic acids (pentraflurobenzoic acid and 2,6-diflurobenzoic acid). The process of displacement of stored water from undisturbed columns was investigated using successive inputs of different tracers under similar antecedent conditions. The results indicated that initial breakthrough was rapid, with a relative concentration of 0.8 being reached between 0.4 and 0.5 pore volumes of discharge. It was found that there was an apparent continued discharge of old water, stored in the column before any additions of tracer, even after the addition of a total of 4.9 and 5.4 pore volumes of water for the grass and woodland columns, respectively. The implications of the results of these tracer studies for modelling solute transport in structured soils are considered.