12,000

We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK

93%

93% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Formation of vesicles in asteroidal basaltic me...
View graph of relations

« Back

Formation of vesicles in asteroidal basaltic meteorites

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date15/06/2006
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Journal number1-2
Volume246
Number of pages7
Pages102-108
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Rare asteroidal vesicular basalts have previously been thought to form in surficial lava flows with CO as the vesicle-forming gas. However, vesicular lava flows are unlikely on small, airless bodies such as asteroids. To unravel the origin of these rocks, we analyzed vesicle sizes and abundances for two angrites and two eucrites using high-resolution X-ray computed tomography and conducted numerical modeling of bubble formation in a dike of ascending magma. Modeling results indicate that thin (< 30 cm wide) dikes are trapped at 5 km depth where 75 ppm of CO and CO2 contribute equally to vesicle formation. Vesicular eucrites were metamorphosed in this deep-seated environment, the gas was lost, and they were excavated by impacts.