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Functional adaptation of long bone extremities involves the localized "tuning" of the cortical bone composition: evidence from Raman spectroscopy

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Functional adaptation of long bone extremities involves the localized "tuning" of the cortical bone composition : evidence from Raman spectroscopy. / Buckley, Kevin; Kerns, Jemma G.; Birch, Helen L.; Gikas, Panagiotis D.; Parker, Anthony W.; Matousek, Pavel; Goodship, Allen E.

In: Journal of Biomedical Optics, Vol. 19, No. 11, 111602, 11.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Buckley, K, Kerns, JG, Birch, HL, Gikas, PD, Parker, AW, Matousek, P & Goodship, AE 2014, 'Functional adaptation of long bone extremities involves the localized "tuning" of the cortical bone composition: evidence from Raman spectroscopy', Journal of Biomedical Optics, vol. 19, no. 11, 111602. https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.19.11.111602

APA

Buckley, K., Kerns, J. G., Birch, H. L., Gikas, P. D., Parker, A. W., Matousek, P., & Goodship, A. E. (2014). Functional adaptation of long bone extremities involves the localized "tuning" of the cortical bone composition: evidence from Raman spectroscopy. Journal of Biomedical Optics, 19(11), [111602]. https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.19.11.111602

Vancouver

Author

Buckley, Kevin ; Kerns, Jemma G. ; Birch, Helen L. ; Gikas, Panagiotis D. ; Parker, Anthony W. ; Matousek, Pavel ; Goodship, Allen E. / Functional adaptation of long bone extremities involves the localized "tuning" of the cortical bone composition : evidence from Raman spectroscopy. In: Journal of Biomedical Optics. 2014 ; Vol. 19, No. 11.

Bibtex

@article{b6a8295f049a4af69a133760a52399eb,
title = "Functional adaptation of long bone extremities involves the localized {"}tuning{"} of the cortical bone composition: evidence from Raman spectroscopy",
abstract = "In long bones, the functional adaptation of shape and structure occurs along the whole length of the organ. This study explores the hypothesis that adaptation of bone composition is also site-specific and that the mineral-to-collagen ratio of bone (and, thus, its mechanical properties) varies along the organ's length. Raman spectroscopy was used to map the chemical composition of long bones along their entire length in fine spatial resolution (1 mm), and then biochemical analysis was used to measure the mineral, collagen, water, and sulfated glycosaminoglycan content where site-specific differences were seen. The results show that the mineral-to-collagen ratio of the bone material in human tibiae varies by <5% along the mid-shaft but decreases by >10% toward the flared extremities of the bone. Comparisons with long bones from other large animals (horses, sheep, and deer) gave similar results with bone material composition changing across tens of centimeters. The composition of the bone apatite also varied with the phosphate-to-carbonate ratio decreasing toward the ends of the tibia. The data highlight the complexity of adaptive changes and raise interesting questions about the biochemical control mechanisms involved. In addition to their biological interest, the data provide timely information to researchers developing Raman spectroscopy as a noninvasive tool for measuring bone composition in vivo (particularly with regard to sampling and measurement protocol).",
author = "Kevin Buckley and Kerns, {Jemma G.} and Birch, {Helen L.} and Gikas, {Panagiotis D.} and Parker, {Anthony W.} and Pavel Matousek and Goodship, {Allen E.}",
year = "2014",
month = nov
doi = "10.1117/1.JBO.19.11.111602",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
journal = "Journal of Biomedical Optics",
issn = "1083-3668",
publisher = "SPIE",
number = "11",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Functional adaptation of long bone extremities involves the localized "tuning" of the cortical bone composition

T2 - evidence from Raman spectroscopy

AU - Buckley, Kevin

AU - Kerns, Jemma G.

AU - Birch, Helen L.

AU - Gikas, Panagiotis D.

AU - Parker, Anthony W.

AU - Matousek, Pavel

AU - Goodship, Allen E.

PY - 2014/11

Y1 - 2014/11

N2 - In long bones, the functional adaptation of shape and structure occurs along the whole length of the organ. This study explores the hypothesis that adaptation of bone composition is also site-specific and that the mineral-to-collagen ratio of bone (and, thus, its mechanical properties) varies along the organ's length. Raman spectroscopy was used to map the chemical composition of long bones along their entire length in fine spatial resolution (1 mm), and then biochemical analysis was used to measure the mineral, collagen, water, and sulfated glycosaminoglycan content where site-specific differences were seen. The results show that the mineral-to-collagen ratio of the bone material in human tibiae varies by <5% along the mid-shaft but decreases by >10% toward the flared extremities of the bone. Comparisons with long bones from other large animals (horses, sheep, and deer) gave similar results with bone material composition changing across tens of centimeters. The composition of the bone apatite also varied with the phosphate-to-carbonate ratio decreasing toward the ends of the tibia. The data highlight the complexity of adaptive changes and raise interesting questions about the biochemical control mechanisms involved. In addition to their biological interest, the data provide timely information to researchers developing Raman spectroscopy as a noninvasive tool for measuring bone composition in vivo (particularly with regard to sampling and measurement protocol).

AB - In long bones, the functional adaptation of shape and structure occurs along the whole length of the organ. This study explores the hypothesis that adaptation of bone composition is also site-specific and that the mineral-to-collagen ratio of bone (and, thus, its mechanical properties) varies along the organ's length. Raman spectroscopy was used to map the chemical composition of long bones along their entire length in fine spatial resolution (1 mm), and then biochemical analysis was used to measure the mineral, collagen, water, and sulfated glycosaminoglycan content where site-specific differences were seen. The results show that the mineral-to-collagen ratio of the bone material in human tibiae varies by <5% along the mid-shaft but decreases by >10% toward the flared extremities of the bone. Comparisons with long bones from other large animals (horses, sheep, and deer) gave similar results with bone material composition changing across tens of centimeters. The composition of the bone apatite also varied with the phosphate-to-carbonate ratio decreasing toward the ends of the tibia. The data highlight the complexity of adaptive changes and raise interesting questions about the biochemical control mechanisms involved. In addition to their biological interest, the data provide timely information to researchers developing Raman spectroscopy as a noninvasive tool for measuring bone composition in vivo (particularly with regard to sampling and measurement protocol).

U2 - 10.1117/1.JBO.19.11.111602

DO - 10.1117/1.JBO.19.11.111602

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 24839942

VL - 19

JO - Journal of Biomedical Optics

JF - Journal of Biomedical Optics

SN - 1083-3668

IS - 11

M1 - 111602

ER -