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Gender equity in treatment for cardiac heart disease in Portugal

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Gender equity in treatment for cardiac heart disease in Portugal. / Perelman, Julian; Caixeiro Mateus, Ceu; Fernandes, Ana.

In: Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 71, No. 1, 07.2010, p. 25-29.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

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Perelman, J, Caixeiro Mateus, C & Fernandes, A 2010, 'Gender equity in treatment for cardiac heart disease in Portugal', Social Science and Medicine, vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 25-29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.03.026

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Perelman, Julian ; Caixeiro Mateus, Ceu ; Fernandes, Ana. / Gender equity in treatment for cardiac heart disease in Portugal. In: Social Science and Medicine. 2010 ; Vol. 71, No. 1. pp. 25-29.

Bibtex

@article{63c644d55d3b48dabbb1e92145eafb59,
title = "Gender equity in treatment for cardiac heart disease in Portugal",
abstract = "Equity in health care delivery is one of the objectives of the Portuguese health care system. To date, research on this issue has mainly focused on income-related equity. This is the first study to shed light on gender equity, using a large data base that includes all patients admitted with cardiac heart disease at Portuguese NHS hospitals over the 2000-2006 period (259,519 discharges from 57 hospitals). In this paper we compare the use of catheterization and revascularization between men and women, controlling for age, comorbidities and hospital characteristics. Our findings show that women receive notably less catheterization and revascularization, with no significant change in this pattern over the 2000-2006 period. In addition, we observe that (i) gender differences disfavouring women are higher prior to detection of acute disease than after; (ii) women are significantly more likely to die during hospitalization despite equal treatment; (iii) gender differences against women are higher for non-elective admissions, and women are more often admitted through emergency units. These additional findings suggest that gender differences in detection, referral and treatment at early stages of the disease are likely to play a crucial role. They could possibly explain part of the higher gender differences before acute disease has been detected; they also lead women to be treated later, to be more frequently admitted through emergency units and to experience worse outcomes. However, alternative explanations cannot be discarded. The higher women's in-patient mortality may also signal gender differences in recovery from treatment, and the higher gap among emergency admissions could point to women's lower willingness to be treated. Further investigation should help to disentangle the precise role of each of these causal factors.",
keywords = "Aged, Catheterization, Emergency Service, Hospital, Female, Healthcare Disparities, Heart Diseases, Hospital Mortality, Hospitals, Public, Humans, Male, Myocardial Revascularization, Patient Acceptance of Health Care, Portugal, Sex Factors, State Medicine, Treatment Outcome",
author = "Julian Perelman and {Caixeiro Mateus}, Ceu and Ana Fernandes",
year = "2010",
month = jul,
doi = "10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.03.026",
language = "English",
volume = "71",
pages = "25--29",
journal = "Social Science and Medicine",
issn = "0277-9536",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gender equity in treatment for cardiac heart disease in Portugal

AU - Perelman, Julian

AU - Caixeiro Mateus, Ceu

AU - Fernandes, Ana

PY - 2010/7

Y1 - 2010/7

N2 - Equity in health care delivery is one of the objectives of the Portuguese health care system. To date, research on this issue has mainly focused on income-related equity. This is the first study to shed light on gender equity, using a large data base that includes all patients admitted with cardiac heart disease at Portuguese NHS hospitals over the 2000-2006 period (259,519 discharges from 57 hospitals). In this paper we compare the use of catheterization and revascularization between men and women, controlling for age, comorbidities and hospital characteristics. Our findings show that women receive notably less catheterization and revascularization, with no significant change in this pattern over the 2000-2006 period. In addition, we observe that (i) gender differences disfavouring women are higher prior to detection of acute disease than after; (ii) women are significantly more likely to die during hospitalization despite equal treatment; (iii) gender differences against women are higher for non-elective admissions, and women are more often admitted through emergency units. These additional findings suggest that gender differences in detection, referral and treatment at early stages of the disease are likely to play a crucial role. They could possibly explain part of the higher gender differences before acute disease has been detected; they also lead women to be treated later, to be more frequently admitted through emergency units and to experience worse outcomes. However, alternative explanations cannot be discarded. The higher women's in-patient mortality may also signal gender differences in recovery from treatment, and the higher gap among emergency admissions could point to women's lower willingness to be treated. Further investigation should help to disentangle the precise role of each of these causal factors.

AB - Equity in health care delivery is one of the objectives of the Portuguese health care system. To date, research on this issue has mainly focused on income-related equity. This is the first study to shed light on gender equity, using a large data base that includes all patients admitted with cardiac heart disease at Portuguese NHS hospitals over the 2000-2006 period (259,519 discharges from 57 hospitals). In this paper we compare the use of catheterization and revascularization between men and women, controlling for age, comorbidities and hospital characteristics. Our findings show that women receive notably less catheterization and revascularization, with no significant change in this pattern over the 2000-2006 period. In addition, we observe that (i) gender differences disfavouring women are higher prior to detection of acute disease than after; (ii) women are significantly more likely to die during hospitalization despite equal treatment; (iii) gender differences against women are higher for non-elective admissions, and women are more often admitted through emergency units. These additional findings suggest that gender differences in detection, referral and treatment at early stages of the disease are likely to play a crucial role. They could possibly explain part of the higher gender differences before acute disease has been detected; they also lead women to be treated later, to be more frequently admitted through emergency units and to experience worse outcomes. However, alternative explanations cannot be discarded. The higher women's in-patient mortality may also signal gender differences in recovery from treatment, and the higher gap among emergency admissions could point to women's lower willingness to be treated. Further investigation should help to disentangle the precise role of each of these causal factors.

KW - Aged

KW - Catheterization

KW - Emergency Service, Hospital

KW - Female

KW - Healthcare Disparities

KW - Heart Diseases

KW - Hospital Mortality

KW - Hospitals, Public

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Myocardial Revascularization

KW - Patient Acceptance of Health Care

KW - Portugal

KW - Sex Factors

KW - State Medicine

KW - Treatment Outcome

U2 - 10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.03.026

DO - 10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.03.026

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 20434249

VL - 71

SP - 25

EP - 29

JO - Social Science and Medicine

JF - Social Science and Medicine

SN - 0277-9536

IS - 1

ER -