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Global database on large magnitude explosive volcanic eruptions (LaMEVE)

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

  • Helen Sian Crosweller
  • Baneet Arora
  • Sarah Krystyna Brown
  • Elizabeth Cottrell
  • Natalia Irma Deligne
  • Natalie Ortiz Guerrero
  • Laura Hobbs
  • Koji Kiyosugi
  • Susan Clare Loughlin
  • Jonathan Lowndes
  • Martin Nayembil
  • Lee Siebert
  • Robert Stephen John Sparks
  • Shinji Takarada
  • Edward Venzke
Article number4
Journal publication date10/09/2012
JournalJournal of Applied Volcanology
Volume1
Number of pages13
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

To facilitate the assessment of hazards and risk from volcanoes, we have created a comprehensive global database of Quaternary Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE). This forms part of the larger Volcanic Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA), and also forms part of the Global Volcano Model (GVM) initiative (http://www.globalvolcanomodel.org). A flexible search tool allows users to select data on a global, regional or local scale; the selected data can be downloaded into a spreadsheet. The database is publically available online at http://www.bgs.ac.uk/vogripa and currently contains information on nearly 3,000 volcanoes and over 1,800 Quaternary eruption records. Not all volcanoes currently have eruptions associated with them but have been included to allow for easy expansion of the database as more data are found. Data fields include: magnitude, Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI), deposit volumes, eruption dates, and rock type. The scientific community is invited to contribute new data and also alert the database manager to potentially incorrect data. Whilst the database currently focuses only on large magnitude eruptions, it will be expanded to include data specifically relating to the principal volcanic hazards (e.g. pyroclastic flows, tephra fall, lahars, debris avalanches, ballistics), as well as vulnerability (e.g. population figures, building type) to facilitate risk assessments of future eruptions.

Bibliographic note

© 2012 Crosweller et al.; licensee Springer. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.