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Good Neighbours, Public Relations and Bribes: The Politics and Perceptions of Community Benefit Provision in Renewable Energy Development in the UK

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Good Neighbours, Public Relations and Bribes: The Politics and Perceptions of Community Benefit Provision in Renewable Energy Development in the UK. / Cass, Noel; Walker, Gordon; Devine-Wright, Patrick.

In: Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, Vol. 12, No. 3, 2010, p. 255-275.

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Cass, Noel ; Walker, Gordon ; Devine-Wright, Patrick. / Good Neighbours, Public Relations and Bribes: The Politics and Perceptions of Community Benefit Provision in Renewable Energy Development in the UK. In: Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning. 2010 ; Vol. 12, No. 3. pp. 255-275.

Bibtex

@article{1337492c24eb41f2a415ddd2eb6658e2,
title = "Good Neighbours, Public Relations and Bribes: The Politics and Perceptions of Community Benefit Provision in Renewable Energy Development in the UK",
abstract = "The provision of community benefits has become a more common component of renewable energy project proposals in the UK. This raises questions as to the purposes these benefits are fulfilling and the ways in which they are perceived by the many different stakeholders involved in the processes of project development and approval. Are they seen as an effective strategic element in negotiations around planning consent; as a right for communities whose resource is being exploited, or who are experiencing the dis-benefits of technology implementation; or as a way of bribing or buying off protestors or key decision-makers? In this paper, we draw on evidence from a series of interviews with key stakeholders involved in renewable energy policy and development and from a set of mixed method, diverse case studies of renewable energy projects around the UK to examine the viewpoints of different stakeholders (including developers, local publics, politicians, activists and consultants). We discovered variation in the extent and type of benefits on offer, reflecting the maturity of different technologies, based on a number of rationales. We also found in the public's views a high degree of ambivalence towards both the benefits on offer (when they were known or acknowledged) and the reasons for providing them. The normative case for providing community benefits appears to be accepted by all involved, but the exact mechanisms for doing so remain problematic.",
keywords = "Renewable, energy, community, benefits, WIND POWER, OUTCOMES, ENGLAND, POLICY, WALES, NIMBY, IMPLEMENTATION, DENMARK, FARM",
author = "Noel Cass and Gordon Walker and Patrick Devine-Wright",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1080/1523908X.2010.509558",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "255--275",
journal = "Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning",
issn = "1523-908X",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Good Neighbours, Public Relations and Bribes: The Politics and Perceptions of Community Benefit Provision in Renewable Energy Development in the UK

AU - Cass, Noel

AU - Walker, Gordon

AU - Devine-Wright, Patrick

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - The provision of community benefits has become a more common component of renewable energy project proposals in the UK. This raises questions as to the purposes these benefits are fulfilling and the ways in which they are perceived by the many different stakeholders involved in the processes of project development and approval. Are they seen as an effective strategic element in negotiations around planning consent; as a right for communities whose resource is being exploited, or who are experiencing the dis-benefits of technology implementation; or as a way of bribing or buying off protestors or key decision-makers? In this paper, we draw on evidence from a series of interviews with key stakeholders involved in renewable energy policy and development and from a set of mixed method, diverse case studies of renewable energy projects around the UK to examine the viewpoints of different stakeholders (including developers, local publics, politicians, activists and consultants). We discovered variation in the extent and type of benefits on offer, reflecting the maturity of different technologies, based on a number of rationales. We also found in the public's views a high degree of ambivalence towards both the benefits on offer (when they were known or acknowledged) and the reasons for providing them. The normative case for providing community benefits appears to be accepted by all involved, but the exact mechanisms for doing so remain problematic.

AB - The provision of community benefits has become a more common component of renewable energy project proposals in the UK. This raises questions as to the purposes these benefits are fulfilling and the ways in which they are perceived by the many different stakeholders involved in the processes of project development and approval. Are they seen as an effective strategic element in negotiations around planning consent; as a right for communities whose resource is being exploited, or who are experiencing the dis-benefits of technology implementation; or as a way of bribing or buying off protestors or key decision-makers? In this paper, we draw on evidence from a series of interviews with key stakeholders involved in renewable energy policy and development and from a set of mixed method, diverse case studies of renewable energy projects around the UK to examine the viewpoints of different stakeholders (including developers, local publics, politicians, activists and consultants). We discovered variation in the extent and type of benefits on offer, reflecting the maturity of different technologies, based on a number of rationales. We also found in the public's views a high degree of ambivalence towards both the benefits on offer (when they were known or acknowledged) and the reasons for providing them. The normative case for providing community benefits appears to be accepted by all involved, but the exact mechanisms for doing so remain problematic.

KW - Renewable

KW - energy

KW - community

KW - benefits

KW - WIND POWER

KW - OUTCOMES

KW - ENGLAND

KW - POLICY

KW - WALES

KW - NIMBY

KW - IMPLEMENTATION

KW - DENMARK

KW - FARM

U2 - 10.1080/1523908X.2010.509558

DO - 10.1080/1523908X.2010.509558

M3 - Journal article

VL - 12

SP - 255

EP - 275

JO - Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning

JF - Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning

SN - 1523-908X

IS - 3

ER -