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Helping to sort the liars from the truth-tellers: the gradual revelation of information during investigative interviews

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Helping to sort the liars from the truth-tellers : the gradual revelation of information during investigative interviews. / Dando, Coral; Bull, Ray; Ormerod, Thomas; Sandham, Alexandra.

In: Legal and Criminological Psychology, Vol. 20, No. 1, 02.2015, p. 114-128.

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Dando, Coral ; Bull, Ray ; Ormerod, Thomas ; Sandham, Alexandra. / Helping to sort the liars from the truth-tellers : the gradual revelation of information during investigative interviews. In: Legal and Criminological Psychology. 2015 ; Vol. 20, No. 1. pp. 114-128.

Bibtex

@article{3d2ffc65a93f4d96a5119d01d42517a9,
title = "Helping to sort the liars from the truth-tellers: the gradual revelation of information during investigative interviews",
abstract = "Research examining detection of verbal deception reveals that lay observers generally perform at chance. Yet, in the criminal justice system, laypersons that have not undergone specialist investigative training are frequently called upon to make veracity judgements (e.g., solicitors; magistrates; juries). We sought to improve performance by manipulating the timing of information revelation during investigative interviews. A total of 151 participants played an interactive computer game as either a truth-teller or a deceiver, and were interviewed afterwards. Game information known to the interviewer was revealed either early, at the end of the interview, or gradually throughout. Subsequently, 30 laypersons individually viewed a random selection of interviews (five deceivers and five truth-tellers from each condition), and made veracity and confidence judgements. Veracity judgements were most accurate in the gradual condition, p < .001, η2 = .97 (above chance), and observers were more confident in those judgements, p < .001, η2 = .99. Deceptive interviewees reported the gradual interviews to be the most cognitively demanding, p < .001; η2 = .24. Our findings suggest that the detection of verbal deception by non-expert observers can be enhanced by employing interview techniques that maximize deceivers' cognitive load, while allowing truth-tellers the opportunity to respond to evidence incrementally.",
author = "Coral Dando and Ray Bull and Thomas Ormerod and Alexandra Sandham",
year = "2015",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1111/lcrp.12016",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "114--128",
journal = "Legal and Criminological Psychology",
issn = "1355-3259",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Helping to sort the liars from the truth-tellers

T2 - the gradual revelation of information during investigative interviews

AU - Dando, Coral

AU - Bull, Ray

AU - Ormerod, Thomas

AU - Sandham, Alexandra

PY - 2015/2

Y1 - 2015/2

N2 - Research examining detection of verbal deception reveals that lay observers generally perform at chance. Yet, in the criminal justice system, laypersons that have not undergone specialist investigative training are frequently called upon to make veracity judgements (e.g., solicitors; magistrates; juries). We sought to improve performance by manipulating the timing of information revelation during investigative interviews. A total of 151 participants played an interactive computer game as either a truth-teller or a deceiver, and were interviewed afterwards. Game information known to the interviewer was revealed either early, at the end of the interview, or gradually throughout. Subsequently, 30 laypersons individually viewed a random selection of interviews (five deceivers and five truth-tellers from each condition), and made veracity and confidence judgements. Veracity judgements were most accurate in the gradual condition, p < .001, η2 = .97 (above chance), and observers were more confident in those judgements, p < .001, η2 = .99. Deceptive interviewees reported the gradual interviews to be the most cognitively demanding, p < .001; η2 = .24. Our findings suggest that the detection of verbal deception by non-expert observers can be enhanced by employing interview techniques that maximize deceivers' cognitive load, while allowing truth-tellers the opportunity to respond to evidence incrementally.

AB - Research examining detection of verbal deception reveals that lay observers generally perform at chance. Yet, in the criminal justice system, laypersons that have not undergone specialist investigative training are frequently called upon to make veracity judgements (e.g., solicitors; magistrates; juries). We sought to improve performance by manipulating the timing of information revelation during investigative interviews. A total of 151 participants played an interactive computer game as either a truth-teller or a deceiver, and were interviewed afterwards. Game information known to the interviewer was revealed either early, at the end of the interview, or gradually throughout. Subsequently, 30 laypersons individually viewed a random selection of interviews (five deceivers and five truth-tellers from each condition), and made veracity and confidence judgements. Veracity judgements were most accurate in the gradual condition, p < .001, η2 = .97 (above chance), and observers were more confident in those judgements, p < .001, η2 = .99. Deceptive interviewees reported the gradual interviews to be the most cognitively demanding, p < .001; η2 = .24. Our findings suggest that the detection of verbal deception by non-expert observers can be enhanced by employing interview techniques that maximize deceivers' cognitive load, while allowing truth-tellers the opportunity to respond to evidence incrementally.

U2 - 10.1111/lcrp.12016

DO - 10.1111/lcrp.12016

M3 - Journal article

VL - 20

SP - 114

EP - 128

JO - Legal and Criminological Psychology

JF - Legal and Criminological Psychology

SN - 1355-3259

IS - 1

ER -