12,000

We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK

93%

93% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Hemispheric dissociation and dyslexia in a comp...
View graph of relations

« Back

Hemispheric dissociation and dyslexia in a computational model of reading

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date2008
JournalBrain and Language
Journal number3
Volume107
Number of pages9
Pages185-193
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

There are several causal explanations for dyslexia, drawing on distinctions between dyslexics and control groups at genetic, biological, or cognitive levels of description. However, few theories explicitly bridge these different levels of description. In this paper we review a long-standing theory that some dyslexics’ reading impairments are due to impairments in hemispheric transfer. We test this theory in a computational model of reading, implementing anatomical features of the visual system. We demonstrate that, when callosal transfer is impaired, the model reads nonwords as well as an unimpaired model, but reads exception words poorly: a pattern of behaviour similar to surface dyslexia. This computational modelling provides a causal link between brain-based theories of dyslexia to cognitive-level theories that refer specifically to phonological impairments within the reading system.