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High Ultraviolet Absorption in Colloidal Gallium Nanoparticles Prepared from Thermal Evaporation

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

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  • Flavio Nucciarelli
  • Iria Bravo
  • Sergio Catalan-Gomez
  • Luis Vazquéz
  • Encarnación Lorenzo
  • Jose Luis Pau
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Article number172
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>6/07/2017
<mark>Journal</mark>Nanomaterials
Issue number7
Volume7
Number of pages12
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

New methods for the production of colloidal Ga nanoparticles (GaNPs) are introduced based on the evaporation of gallium on expendable aluminum zinc oxide (AZO) layer. The nanoparticles can be prepared in aqueous or organic solvents such as tetrahydrofuran in order to be used in different sensing applications. The particles had a quasi mono-modal distribution with diameters ranging from 10 nm to 80 nm, and their aggregation status depended on the solvent nature. Compared to common chemical synthesis, our method assures higher yield with the possibility of tailoring particles size by adjusting the deposition time. The GaNPs have been studied by spectrophotometry to obtain the absorption spectra. The colloidal solutions exhibit strong plasmonic absorption in the ultra violet (UV) region around 280 nm, whose width and intensity mainly depend on the nanoparticles dimensions and their aggregation state. With regard to the colloidal GaNPs flocculate behavior, the water solvent case has been investigated for different pH values, showing UV-visible absorption because of the formation of NPs clusters. Using discrete dipole approximation (DDA) method simulations, a close connection between the UV absorption and NPs with a diameter smaller than ~40 nm was observed.