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Ice-volcano interactions

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsEntry for encyclopedia/dictionary

Published

Publication date5/05/2011
Host publicationEncyclopedia of Snow, Ice and Glaciers
EditorsVijay P Singh
Place of publicationHeidelberg
PublisherSpringer
Number of pages0
ISBN (Print)978-90-481-2641-5
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

The interactions between volcanic eruptions and ice and snow cover a broad spectrum from eruptions beneath ice sheets hundreds of meters thick to the melting of smaller bodies of ice or snow on volcanoes by pyroclastic deposits or lava flows (Major and Newhall, 1989; Smellie, 2000; Subglacial volcanism). A common feature of all interactions is the transfer of heat from magma to ice or snow, which leads to the production of meltwater.