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    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 111, 2020 DOI: 10.1016/j.jedc.2019.103815

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Imperfect mobility of labor across sectors and fiscal transmission

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

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Imperfect mobility of labor across sectors and fiscal transmission. / Cardi, Olivier; Restout, Romain; Claeys, Peter.

In: Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Vol. 111, 103815, 29.02.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Cardi, O, Restout, R & Claeys, P 2020, 'Imperfect mobility of labor across sectors and fiscal transmission', Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, vol. 111, 103815. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jedc.2019.103815

APA

Cardi, O., Restout, R., & Claeys, P. (2020). Imperfect mobility of labor across sectors and fiscal transmission. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 111, [103815]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jedc.2019.103815

Vancouver

Cardi O, Restout R, Claeys P. Imperfect mobility of labor across sectors and fiscal transmission. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control. 2020 Feb 29;111. 103815. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jedc.2019.103815

Author

Cardi, Olivier ; Restout, Romain ; Claeys, Peter. / Imperfect mobility of labor across sectors and fiscal transmission. In: Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control. 2020 ; Vol. 111.

Bibtex

@article{672c829675604d6f802bb35f69e53f85,
title = "Imperfect mobility of labor across sectors and fiscal transmission",
abstract = "Our paper investigates the sectoral effects of government spending shocks and highlights the role of labor mobility. Our VAR evidence for sixteen OECD countries reveals that a shock to government consumption by 1% of GDP increases non-traded value added by 0.7% of GDP and generates a decline in traded value added. The value added share of non-tradables rises by 0.35% of GDP, thus implying that the reallocation of resources accounts for 50% of the sectoral fiscal multiplier. Consistently, our estimates show that the non-traded sector is highly intensive in the government spending shock and experiences a labor inflow. The shift of hours worked toward the non-traded sector is, however, subject to mobility costs which vary across countries. When we explore quantitatively the sectoral effects of a shock to government consumption that is highly intensive in non-traded goods, we find that the model can replicate the magnitude of the rise in the share of non-tradables we document empirically once we allow for both labor mobility and capital installation costs. Financial openness also matters as it further biases the demand shock toward non-tradables. To account for the cross-country dispersion in the responses of sectoral shares we estimate empirically, we have to let the degree of labor mobility vary across countries.",
keywords = "Fiscal policy, Labor mobility, Investment, Current account, Non-tradables, Sectoral wages",
author = "Olivier Cardi and Romain Restout and Peter Claeys",
note = "This is the author{\textquoteright}s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 111, 2020 DOI: 10.1016/j.jedc.2019.103815",
year = "2020",
month = feb
day = "29",
doi = "10.1016/j.jedc.2019.103815",
language = "English",
volume = "111",
journal = "Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control",
issn = "0165-1889",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Imperfect mobility of labor across sectors and fiscal transmission

AU - Cardi, Olivier

AU - Restout, Romain

AU - Claeys, Peter

N1 - This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 111, 2020 DOI: 10.1016/j.jedc.2019.103815

PY - 2020/2/29

Y1 - 2020/2/29

N2 - Our paper investigates the sectoral effects of government spending shocks and highlights the role of labor mobility. Our VAR evidence for sixteen OECD countries reveals that a shock to government consumption by 1% of GDP increases non-traded value added by 0.7% of GDP and generates a decline in traded value added. The value added share of non-tradables rises by 0.35% of GDP, thus implying that the reallocation of resources accounts for 50% of the sectoral fiscal multiplier. Consistently, our estimates show that the non-traded sector is highly intensive in the government spending shock and experiences a labor inflow. The shift of hours worked toward the non-traded sector is, however, subject to mobility costs which vary across countries. When we explore quantitatively the sectoral effects of a shock to government consumption that is highly intensive in non-traded goods, we find that the model can replicate the magnitude of the rise in the share of non-tradables we document empirically once we allow for both labor mobility and capital installation costs. Financial openness also matters as it further biases the demand shock toward non-tradables. To account for the cross-country dispersion in the responses of sectoral shares we estimate empirically, we have to let the degree of labor mobility vary across countries.

AB - Our paper investigates the sectoral effects of government spending shocks and highlights the role of labor mobility. Our VAR evidence for sixteen OECD countries reveals that a shock to government consumption by 1% of GDP increases non-traded value added by 0.7% of GDP and generates a decline in traded value added. The value added share of non-tradables rises by 0.35% of GDP, thus implying that the reallocation of resources accounts for 50% of the sectoral fiscal multiplier. Consistently, our estimates show that the non-traded sector is highly intensive in the government spending shock and experiences a labor inflow. The shift of hours worked toward the non-traded sector is, however, subject to mobility costs which vary across countries. When we explore quantitatively the sectoral effects of a shock to government consumption that is highly intensive in non-traded goods, we find that the model can replicate the magnitude of the rise in the share of non-tradables we document empirically once we allow for both labor mobility and capital installation costs. Financial openness also matters as it further biases the demand shock toward non-tradables. To account for the cross-country dispersion in the responses of sectoral shares we estimate empirically, we have to let the degree of labor mobility vary across countries.

KW - Fiscal policy

KW - Labor mobility

KW - Investment

KW - Current account

KW - Non-tradables

KW - Sectoral wages

U2 - 10.1016/j.jedc.2019.103815

DO - 10.1016/j.jedc.2019.103815

M3 - Journal article

VL - 111

JO - Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control

JF - Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control

SN - 0165-1889

M1 - 103815

ER -